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Table 4 Daily intake of essential nutrients in 27 obese dogs during weight loss

From: Assessing the adequacy of essential nutrient intake in obese dogs undergoing energy restriction for weight loss: a cohort study

Nutrient Daily intake
Maximuma Minimumb Averagec
Crude protein (g) 6.55 (4.70-8.04) 6.23 (4.46-7.38) 6.35 (4.58-7.64)
Arginine (g) 0.342 (0.245-0.419) 0.324 (0.232-0385) 0.331 (0.239-0.398)
Histidine (g) 0.129 (0.092-0.158) 0.122 (0.087-0.145) 0.125 (0.090-0.150)
Isoleucine (g) 0.237 (0.170-0.291) 0.225 (0.161-0.267) 0.230 (0.166-0.276)
Methionine & cysteine (g) 0.22 (0.16-0.28) 0.21 (0.15-0.25) 0.22 (0.16-0.26)
Leucine (g) 0.49 (0.35-0.60) 0.46 (0.33-0.55) 0.47 (0.34-0.57)
Lysine (g) 0.259 (0.186-0.318) 0.246 (0.176-0.292) 0.251 (0.181-0.302)
Phenylalanine & tyrosine (g) 0.61 (0.44-0.74) 0.58 (0.41-0.68) 0.59 (0.42-0.71)
Threonine (g) 0.21 (0.15-0.26) 0.20 (0.14-0.23) 0.20 (0.15-0.24)
Tryptophan (g) 0.059 (0.042-0.072) 0.056 (0.040-0.066) 0.057 (0.041-0.068)
Valine (g) 0.27 (0.20-0.34) 0.26 (0.19-0.31) 0.27 (0.19-0.32)
Linoleic acid (g) 0.46 (0.33-0.56) 0.43 (0.31-0.51) 0.44 (0.32-0.53)
Calcium (g) 0.195 (0.140-0.240) 0.186 (0.133-0.220) 0.189 (0.136-0.228)
Phosphorus (g) 0.15 (0.11-0.19) 0.14 (0.10-0.17) 0.15 (0.11-0.18)
Magnesium (mg) 10.7 (7.7-13.1) 10.2 (7.3-12.1) 10.4 (7.5-12.5)
Sodium (mg) 63.0 (45.2-77.3) 59.9 (42.8-71.0) 61.0 (44.0-73.5)
Potassium (g) 0.18 (0.13-0.22) 0.17 (0.12-0.20) 0.17 (0.12-0.21)
Chloride (mg) 189 (136–232) 180 (129–213) 183 (132–221)
Iron (mg) 3.6 (2.6-4.4) 3.4 (2.4-4.0) 3.5 (2.5-4.2)
Copper (mg) 0.4 (0.3-0.5) 0.4 (0.3-0.5) 0.4 (0.3-0.5)
Zinc (mg) 4.3 (3.1-5.3) 4.1 (3.0-4.9) 4.2 (3.0-5.1)
Manganese (mg) 1.5 (1.1-1.9) 1.4 (1.0-1.7) 1.5 (1.1-1.8)
Selenium (μg) 5.1 (3.7-6.1) 5.2 (3.8-6.4) 5.0 (3.6-5.9)
Iodine (mg) 63.0 (45.2-77.3) 59.9 (42.8-71.0) 61.0 (44.0-73.5)
Vitamin A (IU) 440 (316–541) 418 (299–496) 427 (308–514)
Vitamin D3 (IU) 15.25 (10.94-18.71) 14.49 (10.37-17.18) 14.77 (10.65-17.79)
Vitamin E (IU) 17.4 (12.5-21.3) 16.5 (11.8-19.6) 16.8 (12.2-20.3)
Thiamine (mg) 0.567 (0.407-0.696) 0.539 (0.386-0.639) 0.549 (0.396-0.662)
Riboflavin (mg) 1.134 (0.814-1.392) 1.078 (0.771-1.278) 1.099 (0.792-1.323)
Pyridoxine (mg) 0.504 (0.362-0.619) 0.479 (0.343-0.568) 0.488 (0.352-0.588)
Niacin (mg) 3.53 (2.53-4.33) 3.35 (2.40-3.97) 3.42 (2.47-4.12)
Pantothenic acid (mg) 1.01 (0.72-1.24) 0.96 (0.69-1.14) 0.98 (0.70-1.18)
Cobalamin (μg) 3.47 (2.49-4.25) 3.29 (2.36-3.90) 3.36 (2.42-4.04)
Folic acid (μg) 94.5 (67.8-116.0) 89.8 (64.3-106.5) 91.6 (66.0-110.3)
Choline (mg) 54.2 (38.9-66.5) 51.5 (36.8-61.0) 52.5 (37.9-63.2)
  1. The daily intake of all essential nutrients was calculated from their food allocation and the average nutrient content of the diet (Table 1), and expressed per kg BW0.75. Results are quoted as median (range)
  2. aMaximum daily intake defined as the greatest daily intake that the dog received during the period of controlled weight loss
  3. bMinimum daily intakes defined as the least daily intake that the dog received during the period of controlled weight loss
  4. cMean daily intake was defined as the mean daily intake for the whole period