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Table 1 Mean foraminal width (mm) of the cervical foramina (C4-5, C5-6, and C6-C7), of dogs divided according to movement and load

From: Morphological changes of the caudal cervical intervertebral foramina due to flexion-extension and compression-traction movements in the canine cervical vertebral column

Movement Load Width (mma) 95 % Confidence Intervala (CI)
Neutral None 11.12 10.61 − 11.62
Neutral Compression 10.72 10.21 − 11.23
Neutral Traction 11.15 10.64 − 11.66
Extension None 9.86 9.35 − 10.36
Flexion None 11.50 11.00 − 12.01
  1. aForaminal width and CI in millimeters (mm)