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Table 5 Baseline, surgery and anaesthetic variables

From: Robenacoxib versus meloxicam for the control of peri-operative pain and inflammation associated with orthopaedic surgery in cats: a randomised clinical trial

Variable Robenacoxib (s.c. + oral) Meloxicam s.c. + placebo oral Total P value
Total 101 46 147  
Age 3.8 (4.1) 2.9 (3.1) 3.5 (3.8) 0.075
Body weight 4.0 (1.0) 3.8 (1.0) 3.9 (1.0) 0.26
Sex and neutered status     
Male not neutered 22 (22%) 16 (35%) 38 (26%) 0.19
Female not neutered 12 (12%) 8 (17%) 20 (14%)  
Male neutered 38 (38%) 15 (33%) 53 (36%)  
Female neutered 29 (29%) 7 (15%) 36 (24%)  
Breed     
Burmese 1 (1%) 0 (0%) 1 (1%) 0.37
Crossbred 3 (3%) 0 (0%) 3 (2%)  
Domestic long hair 5 (5%) 0 (0%) 5 (3%)  
Domestic short hair 33 (33%) 15 (33%) 48 (33%)  
European 57 (56%) 29 (63%) 86 (59%)  
Persian 1 (1%) 0 (0%) 1 (1%)  
Siamese 1 (1%) 2 (4%) 3 (2%)  
Baseline clinician scores     
Global investigator score 3.1 (1.9) 3.5 (2.3) 3.2 (2.0) 0.50
Pain at palpation/manipulation 1.5 (0.8) 1.6 (0.8) 1.5 (0.8) 0.44
Expected duration of surgery (hours)     
<60 min 71 (70%) 30 (65%) 101 (69%) 0.57
>60 min 30 (30%) 16 (35%) 46 (31%)  
Effective duration of surgery (hours) 53.0 (38.8) 57.9 (39.2) 54.6 (38.8) 0.41
Effective duration of intubation 80.4 (48.5) 79.5 (50.0) 80.2 (48.8) 0.82
Type of surgery     
Fracture, internal repair 49 (49%) 26 (57%) 75 (51%) 0.38
Fracture, no internal repair 1 (1%) 0 (0%) 1 (1%) 1.0
Hip surgery 10 (10%) 4 (9%) 14 (10%) 1.0
Amputation, limb 6 (6%) 0 (0%) 6 (4%) 0.18
Amputation, tail or phalanx 6 (6%) 4 (9%) 10 (7%) 0.73
Joint surgery 13 (13%) 6 (13%) 19 (13%) 1.0
Removal of osteosynthesis material 13 (13%) 3 (7%) 16 (11%) 0.28
Miscellaneous 2 (2%) 2 (4%) 4 (3%) 0.59
Combinations 1 (1%) 1 (2%) 2 (1%) 1.0
Substances used in anaesthesia     
Acepromazine 22 (22%) 12 (26%) 34 (23%) 0.67
Butorphanol 33 (33%) 15 (33%) 48 (33%) 1.0
Diazepam 6 (6%) 4 (9%) 10 (7%) 0.73
Ketamine 57 (56%) 28 (61%) 85 (58%) 0.72
Medetomidine 54 (53%) 17 (37%) 71 (48%) 0.076
Medetomidine/acepromazine 0 (0%) 1 (2%) 1 (1%) 0.31
Propofol 33 (33%) 12 (26%) 45 (31%) 0.450
Thiopental 5 (5%) 3 (7%) 8 (5%) 1.0
Tiletamine/zolazepam 7 (7%) 2 (4%) 9 (6%) 0.72
Xylazine 18 (18%) 11 (24%) 29 (20%) 0.50
  1. s.c.: subcutaneous.
  2. Data are mean (SD) or number of cats (%).