Skip to main content

Table 4 Multinomial mixed model analysis of which observer perceived seizure characteristics predict reported seizure type

From: Inter-observer agreement of canine and feline paroxysmal event semiology and classification by veterinary neurology specialists and non-specialists

Risk factor Focal vs. primary generalised Focal with secondary generalisation vs. primary generalised Focal with secondary generalisation vs. focal
OR 95% CI t p OR 95% CI t p OR 95% CI t p
Oral movement No 0.45 0.25-0.81 −2.64 0.008 0.50 0.23-1.09 −1.74 0.082 0.98 0.44-2.20 −0.04 0.966
Yes   ref  
Stiffening of thoracic limbs No 7.82 4.39-13.96 6.98 <0.001 1.07 0.50-2.27 0.17 0.868 0.19 0.08-0.41 −4.21 <0.001
Yes   ref  
Rhythmic thoracic limb movements No 3.70 1.88-7.27 3.80 <0.001 1.85 0.73-4.68 1.31 0.191 0.64 0.24-1.65 −0.93 0.352
Yes   ref  
Running movements No 9.75 3.60-26.42 4.48 <0.001 1.49 0.58-3.85 0.82 0.409 0.17 0.05-0.56 −2.89 0.004
Yes   ref  
Equal movements on each side No 4.70 2.61-8.47 5.15 <0.001 2.37 1.07-5.27 2.13 0.034 0.78 0.34-1.79 −0.60 0.551
Yes   ref  
Salivation No 2.69 1.29-5.61 2.63 0.009 1.19 0.45-3.17 0.35 0.730 0.43 0.16-1.18 −1.64 0.102
Yes   ref  
Hallucination No 0.24 0.07-0.86 −2.19 0.029 0.37 0.07-2.08 −1.13 0.260 2.44 0.47-12.7 1.06 0.290
Yes   ref  
  1. (κ = kappa, SE = standard error, OR = odds ratio, ref = reference category).