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Table 3 Inter-observer agreement of autonomic and neurobehavioural signs in epileptic seizures

From: Inter-observer agreement of canine and feline paroxysmal event semiology and classification by veterinary neurology specialists and non-specialists

Variable Mean % agreement (95% CI) PI κ SE (κ) Z p
Does the dog show autonomic signs? 10% (4-18%) 0.09 0.28 0.01 24.35 <0.001
Did the dog salivate? 53% (42-64%) 0.51 0.64 0.01 55.24 <0.001
Did the dog urinate? 92% (83-97%) 0.97 0.17 0.01 14.89 <0.001
Did the dog defecate? 99% (93-100%) 0.99 −0.01 0.01 −0.07 0.5298
Does the dog show neurobehavioral signs? 4% (1-10%) 0.15 0.16 0.01 14.09 <0.001
Did the dog show fear/anxiety? 22% (13-32%) 0.61 0.15 0.01 12.66 <0.001
Did the dog show aggression? 86% (76-92%) 0.96 0.17 0.01 14.48 <0.001
Did the dog appear to hallucinate? 65% (54-75%) 0.89 0.13 0.01 11.48 <0.001
  1. (κ = kappa, , PI = prevalence index, SE = standard error).