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Table 2 Microbial metabolites and pH in the faeces of sows fed a diet without (C) or with inulin (I)

From: Dietary inulin affects the intestinal microbiota in sows and their suckling piglets

  Day 4 a.p. Day 1 p.p. Day 5 p.p. P -value
  C (n = 11) I (n = 10) C (n = 11) I (n = 9) C (n = 11) I (n = 10) Diet Time Diet*time
pH 6.79 ± 0.23 6.63 ± 0.34 6.99 ± 0.34 6.59 ± 0.36 6.68 ± 0.12 6.63 ± 0.23 0.007 0.323 0.167
L-lactate (mmol/kg) 0.73 ± 0.55 0.70 ± 0.30 0.43 ± 0.28 0.28 ± 0.22 0.35 ± 0.18 0.24 ± 0.19 0.185 0.002 0.909
D-lactate (mmol/kg) 0.62 ± 0.64 0.54 ± 0.26 0.20 ± 0.20 0.14 ± 0.12 0.16 ± 0.12 0.11 ± 0.11 0.451 0.002 0.947
Ammonia (mmol/kg) 32.6 ± 19.5 47.0 ± 29.1 13.7 ± 9.64 20.2 ± 10.4 21.7 ± 10.2 27.3 ± 12.9 0.070 0.001 0.586
SCFA (mmol/l) 152 ± 44.4 155 ± 30.1 100 ± 31.4 123 ± 31.5 138 ± 38.3 158 ± 17.5 0.164 <0.001 0.602
Acetic acid (mol. %) 54.4 ± 3.61 53.7 ± 3.78 60.6 ± 4.11 56.8 ± 4.19 60.9 ± 4.35 59.1 ± 3.16 0.081 <0.001 0.388
Propionic acid (mol. %) 23.0 ± 1.08 22.6 ± 1.33 19.3 ± 2.03 20.9 ± 1.11 19.4 ± 1.40 19.9 ± 1.69 0.153 <0.001 0.053
i-butyric acid (mol. %) 2.87 ± 0.56 2.79 ± 0.33 2.87 ± 0.40 2.61 ± 0.55 2.52 ± 0.27 2.51 ± 0.32 0.337 0.037 0.641
n-butyric acid (mol.%) 13.0 ± 2.85 13.9 ± 2.62 10.4 ± 4.24 12.8 ± 3.36 11.1 ± 3.54 12.4 ± 1.71 0.152 0.025 0.711
i-valeric acid (mol. %) 4.05 ± 0.91 3.92 ± 0.51 4.06 ± 0.62 3.88 ± 0.86 3.62 ± 0.43 3.56 ± 0.53 0.538 0.068 0.950
n-valeric acid (mol. %) 2.66 ± 0.50 3.09 ± 0.70 2.77 ± 0.51 3.02 ± 0.63 2.45 ± 0.51 2.61 ± 0.45 0.147 0.012 0.467
  1. Abbreviations: a.p.: ante partum; p.p.: post partum; SCFA short chain fatty acids.
  2. Boldface P-values indicate significant effects (P ≤ 0.05).