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Table 5 Competencies with significant difference between the groups with different experience in neurology (0–5, 6–10, >10 years)

From: Development of learning objectives for neurology in a veterinary curriculum: part I: undergraduates

  Mean 0-5 Mean 6-10 Mean >10 P-values
Anatomy and Physiology     
Understand the microscopic anatomy of the nervous system 1.55*** 1.69 1.8*** 0.031***
Understand the functional neuroanatomy of the autonomic nervous system 1.87*** 1.9 2.17*** 0.0326***
Pharmacology and Toxicology     
> pharmacodynamic and Pharmacokinetic     
Understand the autonomic nervous system receptors and neurotransmitters 1.72*** 1.81 1.97*** 0.04***
> Chemotherapeutic drugs     
Understand the mechanism of chemotherapeutic drugs for nervous system neoplasia/inflammation 1.69 1.65** 1.88** 0.028**
Clinical Methodology     
> EEG     
Perform EEG testing in the dog and cat 1.43* *** 1.16* 1.19*** 0.0371* 0.0121***
Interpret EEG testing in the dog and cat 1.48* *** 1.17* 1.22*** 0.0273* 0.0124***
> EMG     
Perform EMG and nerve conduction testing in the dog and cat 1.48* 1.19* 1.25 0.0329*
Perform F-waves, Repetitive stimulation and H-wave testing in the dog and cat. 1.44* *** 1.13* 1.16*** 0.0254* 0.0066***
Interpret F-waves, Repetitive stimulation and H-wave testing in the dog and cat. 1.56* *** 1.2* 1.23*** 0.0154* 0.0033***
Interpret EMG and nerve conduction testing in the horse. 1.53* *** 1.28* 1.27*** 0.0207* 0.0062***
Interpret single fiber EMG testing in the dog and cat. 1.31* 1.1* 1.17 0.0207*
> OPHTAMOLOGIC ELECTRO. TESTING    
Perform ophthalmologic electrodiagnostic testing (ERG, VEP) in the dog and cat. 1.46* *** 1.1* 1.13*** 0.0155* 0.0036***
Disease Mechanisms    
> Micturition Disorders     
Understand the pathogenesis of micturition disorders of dogs and cats 2.19* 1.95* 2.1 0.0377*
Understand the pathogenesis of micturition disorders of horses 1.82*** 1.68 1.56*** 0.0156***
Understand the diagnosis and treatment of micturition disorders of horses 1.88*** 1.72 1.56*** 0.0263***
Understand the pathogenesis of micturition disorders of ruminants/food animals 1.79*** 1.54 1.49*** 0.0336***
Understand the diagnosis and treatment of micturition disorders of ruminants/food animals 1.85*** 1.57 1.48*** 0.0073***
> Seizure     
Understand the pathogenesis of seizure disorders in horses 1.9*** 1.74 1.75*** 0.0255
Understand the pathogenesis of seizure disorders in ruminants/food animals 1.75*** 1.91** 1.64** *** 0.003** 0.0389***
> Disc Disease     
Understand the pathogenesis of disc disease in dogs and cats 2.31 2.17** 2.44** 0.0487**
Neuroanaesthesia & Neurosurgery    
> Practical     
Perform Brain biopsy 1.69* *** 1.38* 1.36*** 0.0252* 0.0125***
Perform Fracture repair 1.7* 1.4* 1.48 0.0223*
Perform Muscle biopsy 1.79* 1.6* 1.6 0.0298*
Perform nerve biopsy 1.64* *** 1.48* 1.49*** 0.012* 0.0111***
Neuroradiology     
Understand CT scanning technique 1.85*** 1.69** 1.84** *** 0.0415** 0.0108***
Understand MRI scanning technique 1.75 1.57** 1.79** 0.0283**
  1. Values with *, indicate the significance of the learning objectives between groups 0-5 and 6-10; for groups 6-10 and >10 are indicated with **; and groups 0-5 and >10 with ***.