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Table 5 Competencies with significant difference between the groups with different experience in neurology (0–5, 6–10, >10 years)

From: Development of learning objectives for neurology in a veterinary curriculum: Part II: Postgraduates

  Mean 0-5 Mean 6-10 Mean >10 P-values
Pharmacology and toxicology     
> pharmacodynamic and pharmacokinetic     
Understand the major neurotransmitters and their receptors of the central and peripheral nervous system 3.79* 3.74* 3.76 0.0269*
Understand the difference between pharmacokinetics and pharmacodynamic qualities of drugs and the parameters used to quantify these qualities 3.28*** 3.26 3.52*** 0.0361***
> Chemotherapeutic drugs     
Understand the pharmacokinetics of chemotherapeutic drugs for nervous system neoplasia/Inflammation 3.35*** 3.4 3.52*** 0.0328***
Genetics and molecular biology     
Understand the difference between transcription versus translation 3 2.81** 3.13** 0.0439**
Understand the genome organization and chromosome structure 2.85 2.81** 3.11** 0.0405**
Understand the inheritance patterns and types of mutations 3.13 3.07** 3.42** 0.022**
Understand the principles of common molecular genetic tools (laboratory methods; SNPs, microsatellite mapping, candidate genes) 2.78 2.65** 3.08** 0.0146**
Understand how to investigate a breed related disorder for an underlying genetic mutation 3.21* 3.33* 3.42 0.0384*
Clinical methodology     
> CSF     
Interpret laboratory results of CSF 3.91*** 3.95 4*** 0.0424***
> EEG     
Perform EEG testing in the dog and cat 3.38* *** 3.05* 3.07*** 0.0128* 0.0459***
Interpret EEG testing in the dog and cat 3.4* *** 3.09* 3.12*** 0.0063* 0.0187***
> EMG     
Perform single fiber EMG testing in the dog and cat. 3.14* 2.6* 2.82 0.0041*
> Urinary tract electro. Testing    
Interpret urinary tract electrodiagnostic testing in the dog and cat 2.81*** 2.43 2.79*** 0.0345***
> Bone marrow aspiration & core biopsy    
Interpret results of bone marrow aspirate and or core biopsy 2.82 2.74** 2.97** 0.0242**
Disease mechanisms    
> Disc diseases     
Understand the pathogenesis of disc diseases in horses 3.43*** 3.35 3.29*** 0.0342***
> Micturition disorders     
Understand the pathogenesis of Micturition disorders in ruminants/food animals 3.21*** 3 2.97*** 0.0377***
Neuroanaesthesia & Neurosurgery    
Understand anesthesia of the neurological patient 3.64 3.52** 3.74** 0.0023**
Understand peri-operative antibiotic recommendations 3.68*** 3.71 3.87*** 0.0461***
Perform ventral slot 3.9*** 3.83 3.73*** 0.036***
Neuroradiology     
Understand CT scanning technique 3.55*** 3.62** 3.77** *** 0.0154** 0.0019***
Understand nervous system ultrasound technique 2.96* 3.1* 3.2 0.0484*
Understand nuclear medicine technique 2.73*** 2.74 2.95*** 0.0386***
Interpret radiographs of the skull 3.7*** 3.78 3.89*** 0.0032***
Pathology     
Exhibit competence in CSF cytological interpretation in small animals 3.64* *** 3.88* 3.89*** 0.0188* 0.0345***
Exhibit competence in CSF sample examination (protein content, cell counting) 3.53* *** 3.88* 3.68*** 0.0273* 0.0134***
Understand microscopic pathological features of specific horse diseases 3.15* 3.18* 3.17 0.0262*
Understand Infectious disease testing techniques (PCR/Western blot/Serology) 3.11*** 3.05** 3.4** *** 0.0248** 0.0052***
Academia Competencies     
In teaching for undergraduates 3.55* 3.88* 3.63 0.0126*
In teaching for postgraduates 3.53* 3.85* 3.69 0.0092*
In statistics 3.02 2.87** 3.11** 0.0306**
  1. Values with *, indicate the significance of the learning objectives between groups 0-5 and 6-10; for groups 6-10 and >10 are indicated with **; and groups 0-5 and >10 with ***.