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Table 2 Prevalence of T. gondii antibodies in dogs in People’s Republic of China

From: Low prevalence of Neospora caninum and Toxoplasma gondii antibodies in dogs in Jilin, Henan and Anhui Provinces of the People’s Republic of China

Map region Provinces/cities Year tested Dog type No. tested No. positive % positive Serologic test No. with terminal titer of Reference
<25 25 ~ 49 50 ~ 99 100 ~ 199 ≥200
I Beijing 1999-2005 Pet 534 128 24.0 ELISAa/LATb unknown [22]
II Heilongjiang 2010-2011 Stray/pet 124 14 11.3 IHAb unknown [23]
III Liaoning 2012 Pet 328 33 10.0 IHAb unknown [24]
2012 Police 291 90 30.9 MATe 45 27 0 12 6 [25]
IV Shangdong 2010-2011 Stray/pet 143 14 9.8 IHAb unknown [23]
V Henan 2010-2011 Stray/pet 106 13 12.3 IHAb unknown [23]
2013 Countryside 31 1 3.2 MATe 1 1 0 0 0 Present study
VI Jiangshu unknown Stray/countryside 231 93 40.3 ELISAa unknown [26]
2010 Household 288 62 21.5 MATe 21 15 0 11 9 [27]
VII Shanghai 2009 City pet 1178 15 1.3 IHAb unknown [28]
Town pet 364 22 6.0
Countryside 194 19 9.8
VIII Xinjiang 2010-2011 Stray/pet 259 29 11.2 IHAb unknown [23]
IX Gansu 2010 Pet 259 28 10.8 MATe 14 9 4 1 0 [29]
X Sichuan 2010 Household 314 11 3.5 IHAb 0 0 4 3 4 [30]
XI Yunnan 2011-2012 Pet 611 132 21.6 IHAc 0 0 29 25 78 [31]
XII Guangdong unknown Stray 36 12 33.3 ELISAd unknown [32]
Household 114 20 17.5
XIII Jilin 2013 Countryside 43 7 16.3 MATe 5 6 1 0 0 Present study
2014 Countryside 329 27 8.2 0 8 13 6 0
XIV Anhui 2013 Countryside 22 0 0 MATe 0 0 0 0 0 Present study
  1. IHA: indirect hemagglutination test, ELISA: enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay, LAT: latex agglutination test.
  2. a:ELISA Kit produced by Zhuhai S.E.Z Haitai Pharmaceutlcals Co., Ltd, China.
  3. b:Kit produced by Lanzhou Veterinary Institute, Academy of Agriculture and Science, China.
  4. c:Kit produced by Nanjing Veterinary research Institute, Jiangshu Academy of Agriculture and Science, China.
  5. d:Kit produced by Combined Company, Shenzhen, China.
  6. e:in-house.