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Table 1 Comparison of maximum angle (°), minimum angle (°), displacement angular velocity (°), maximum angular velocity (°/s), and minimum angular velocity (°/s) of the forelimb joints between Group 1 and Group 2

From: Kinematic analysis of forelimb and hind limb joints in clinically healthy sheep

Variable Group 1 Group 2  
Mean ± SD CV Mean ± SD CV P value
Carpal Maximum angle 176.03 ± 3.20 1.82 174.89 ± 2.44 1.40 0.296
Minimum angle 105.12 ± 4.71 4.48 116.52 ± 10.82 9.28 0.002
Angular displacement 70.91 ± 3.58 5.05 58.37 ± 9.97 17.08 <0.001
Maximum angular velocity 794.57 ± 110.34 13.89 512.37 ± 84.47 16.49 <0.001
Minimum angular velocity −845.58 ± 139.72 −16.52 −630.36 ± 108.99 −17.29 <0.001
Elbow Maximum angle 150.84 ± 3.38 2.24 149.97 ± 4.58 3.05 0.571
Minimum angle 106.93 ± 5.13 4.80 107.94 ± 10.68 9.90 0.755
Angular displacement 43.91 ± 4.64 10.56 42.04 ± 8.73 20.76 0.484
Maximum angular velocity 416.46 ± 67.64 16.24 401.42 ± 73.60 18.33 0.578
Minimum angular velocity −363.90 ± 60.62 −16.66 −331.36 ± 54.89 −16.56 0.149
Shoulder Maximum angle 134.04 ± 5.92 4.42 131.60 ± 6.68 5.07 0.316
Minimum angle 121.62 ± 5.20 4.28 122.15 ± 7.20 5.89 0.826
Angular displacement 12.41 ± 2.32 18.72 9.45 ± 2.19 23.17 0.002
Maximum angular velocity 196.21 ± 74.01 37.72 147.64 ± 48.38 32.77 0.050
Minimum angular velocity −197.97 ± 73.54 −37.15 −110.87 ± 23.07 −20.81 0.001
  1. P-values in bold represent significant differences (P < 0.05) between the mean of G1 and G2 variables.