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Table 2 P values based on the ANCOVA

From: Effects of isoflurane, ketamine-xylazine and a combination of medetomidine, midazolam and fentanyl on physiological variables continuously measured by telemetry in Wistar rats

Parameter Treatment Induction time Non-surgical tolerance Surgical tolerance Wake-up period Recovery
Mean difference P value Mean difference P value Mean difference P value Mean difference P value Mean difference P value
SAP (mmHg) ISO vs. KX -13.18 < 0.01* -9.15 0.15 -0.58 0.88 26.46 < 0.01* 6.33 0.07
ISO vs. MMF -33.07 < 0.01* -45.79 < 0.01* -63.08 < 0.01* 15.41 < 0.01* 3.54 0.03*
KX vs. MMF -19.88 < 0.01* -36.64 < 0.01* -62.50 < 0.01* -11.05 0.03* -2.80 0.38
DAP (mmHg) ISO vs. KX -13.57 < 0.01* -7.27 0.27 -1.72 0.70 16.39 < 0.01* 5.96 0.01*
ISO vs. MMF -27.08 < 0.01* -33.41 < 0.01* -38.62 < 0.01* 4.83 0.21 -0.95 0.52
KX vs. MMF -13.50 < 0.01* -26.14 < 0.01* -36.90 < 0.01* -11.56 < 0.01* -6.92 < 0.01*
MAP (mmHg) ISO vs. KX -13.12 < 0.01* -7.33 0.25 -0.90 0.83 19.57 < 0.01* 6.14 0.02*
ISO vs. MMF -29.09 < 0.01* -37.48 < 0.01* -46.74 < 0.01* 8.32 0.05* 0.54 0.71
KX vs. MMF -15.98 < 0.01* -30.16 < 0.01* -45.84 < 0.01* -11.25 < 0.01* -5.60 0.03*
PP (mmHg) ISO vs. KX -0.76 0.59 2.10 0.26 2.68 0.15 8.41 < 0.01* -0.44 0.80
ISO vs. MMF -6.41 < 0.01* -13.95 < 0.01* -25.42 < 0.01* 11.09 < 0.01* 4.55 < 0.01*
KX vs. MMF -5.65 < 0.01* -16.05 < 0.01* -28.10 < 0.01* 2.69 0.20 4.99 0.02*
HR (bpm) ISO vs. KX 14.62 0.36 93.14 < 0.01* 144.75 < 0.01* 148.62 < 0.01* -20.86 < 0.01*
ISO vs. MMF 85.80 < 0.01* 139.93 < 0.01* 195.12 < 0.01* 190.22 < 0.01* 13.41 0.09
KX vs. MMF 71.17 < 0.01* 46.79 < 0.01* 50.37 < 0.01* 41.60 < 0.01* 34.27 < 0.01*
BT (°C) ISO vs. KX 0.11 0.11 0.10 0.26 -0.22 0.34 -0.56 0.08 -0.21 0.18
ISO vs. MMF 0.09 0.26 0.16 0.20 -0.19 0.52 -0.04 0.92 0.19 0.17
KX vs. MMF -0.01 0.87 0.06 0.67 0.03 0.90 0.52 0.14 0.39 0.04*
  1. *statistically significant difference (p value ≤0.05 in bold print) based on the ANCOVA with baseline as covariate for the comparison of anaesthetic treatments.