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Table 1 Virus neutralization antibody titers in sera after vaccination

From: Supplementation of dietary germanium biotite enhances induction of the immune responses by foot-and-mouth disease vaccine in cattle

Group Samples 20 weeks 31 weeks
Control 1 <16 <16
2 <16 <16
3 <16 <16
4 <16 <16
5 <16 <16
6 <16 <16
7 <16 <16
Germanium biotite 1 <16 16
2 16 <16
3 16 32
4 16 26
5 16 <16
6 16 <16
7 <16 26
8 <16 32
  1. The selected sera were taken from the same cattle in each collection date. All cattle were 6-month-old when the first vaccination was conducted. The sera selected from the germanium biotite group show a higher virus neutralization antibody titer than the control group.