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Table 3 Effect of different diets on cytokine contents in mammary arterial and venous plasma of dairy cows

From: Feeding a high-concentrate corn straw diet increased the release of endotoxin in the rumen and pro-inflammatory cytokines in the mammary gland of dairy cows

Items1 Diets2 P-value
LCF HCS LCS
Artery IL-1β (pg/mL) 217.12 ± 32.93 226.08 ± 32.20 221.05 ± 27.03 0.407
IL-6 (pg/mL) 63.43 ± 20.96 67.09 ± 20.03 64.35 ± 19.39 0.683
IL-8 (pg/mL) 77.82 ± 17.39 91.12 ± 17.96 81.97 ± 17.18 0.273
TNF-α (ng/mL) 0.55 ± 0.85 0.72 ± 0.99 0.32 ± 0.38 0.546
Vein IL-1β (pg/mL) 211.42 ± 25.45b 246.99 ± 36.62a 210.98 ± 20.27b 0.030
IL-6 (pg/mL) 86.10 ± 7.12b 82.73 ± 9.08b 74.77 ± 9.22a 0.050
IL-8 (pg/mL) 76.26 ± 11.45B 98.58 ± 11.71A 77.34 ± 9.52B 0.001
TNF-α (ng/mL) 0.55 ± 0.88 0.82 ± 1.10 0.38 ± 0.44 0.323
  1. 1IL = interleukin, TNF = tumor necrosis factor.
  2. 2LCF is low-concentrate mixed forage diet with a concentrate to roughage ratio of 46 : 54; HCS is high-concentrate corn straw diet with a concentrate to roughage ratio of 65 : 35; LCS is low-concentrate corn straw diet with the same concentrate to roughage ratio (46 : 54) as LCF.
  3. A-BMeans within a row differ (P < 0.01).
  4. a-bMeans within a row differ (P < 0.05).