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Table 1 Haematological parameters in the horses before and after training sessions

From: Serum amyloid A (SAA) concentration after training sessions in Arabian race and endurance horses

  Group A (race horses) Group B (inexperienced endurance horses) Group C (experienced endurance horses)
  Before After Before After Before After
WBC [×109/L] 8.4 ± 0.24 9.61 ± 0.64a, d 8.86 ± 0.44 12.88 ± 1.4*, a 7.55 ± 1.58 11.53 ± 1.44*, d
RBC [×1012/L] 9.23 ± 0.18b, f 11.45 ± 0.76***, e 8.08 ± 0.16b 8.7 ± 0.17*b 7.15 ± 0.79f 8.06 ± 0.56e
HGB [g/dL] 14.74 ± 0.35a 18.11 ± 0.9***, b, d 13.66 ± 0.27a 14.56 ± 0.28b 12.52 ± 0.84 14.44 ± 0.81d
HCT [%] 36.45 ± 0.72a 45.12 ± 2.52***b 33.76 ± 0.6a 36.74 ± 0.75**b 34.24 ± 2.34 38.16 ± 2.66
NEU [×109/L] 4.93 ± 0.3 5.66 ± 0.44b 4.8 ± 0.22 10.76 ± 1.35**b 4.19 ± 0.35 7.8 ± 1.22
LYM [×109/L] 3.3 ± 0.18 3.74 ± 0.3a 3.64 ± 0.38 1.99 ± 0.29*a 3.1 ± 0.67 2.94 ± 0.45
N:L 1.56 ± 0.15 1.59 ± 0.18c, d 1.43 ± 0.15 6.09 ± 1.2***c 1.5 ± 0.17 2.89 ± 0.5d
  1. WBC – white blood cell count, RBC – total red blood cell count, HGB – haemoglobin concentration, HCT – packed cell volume, NEU – total number of neutrophils, LYM – total number of lymphocytes, N:L – neutrophil to lymphocyte ratio.
  2. Significant differences were observed between the following groups:
  3. Before and after training sessions in each group:*p ≤ 0.05, **p ≤ 0.01, ***p ≤ 0.001.
  4. Groups A and B: ap ≤ 0.05, bp ≤ 0.01, cp ≤ 0.001.
  5. Groups A and C: dp ≤ 0.05, ep ≤ 0.01, fp ≤ 0.001.
  6. Groups B and C: xp ≤ 0.05, yp ≤ 0.01, zp ≤ 0.001.