Detection of PPRV in Pakistan and surrounding countries. a) Pakistan; b) Iran; c) Afghanistan; d) Turkmenistan; e) Uzbekistan; f) Tajikistan; g) China; h) India; i) Nepal. Dates shown on the map illustrate both published reports and reports to the OIE reference laboratories as detailed in Banyard et al., 2010 (20). For Pakistan, provinces are shown: i) Gilgit baltistan/Northern Areas; ii) Khyber pakhtunkhwa; iii) Tribal areas; iv) Punjab; v) Azad Jammu & Kashmir; vi) Baluchistan; vii) Sindh province. The approximate position of the outbreak detailed in this study is represented by a star. + India frequently reports outbreaks as PPRV is endemic across the country (20).