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Table 2 EC 50 for Egg Hatch assay (EHA) and Larval Development test (LDT) with their corresponding cytotoxicity values and selectivity index (SI) for thirteen plant species

From: Efficacy and toxicity of thirteen plant leaf acetone extracts used in ethnoveterinary medicine in South Africa on egg hatching and larval development of Haemonchus contortus

Names of plants EHA EC50 ± SE LDT EC50 ± SE LC50 SI EHA SI LDT
Apodytes dimidiata 5.70 ± 0.23 4.13 ± 0.56 0.00396 0.000695 0.00096
Brachylaena discolor 3.55 ± 0.27 17.23 ± 5.47 0.00752 0.00212 0.00044
Clausena anisata 1.80 ± 0.09 2.07 ± 0.15 0.17186 0.09548 0.08302
Clerodendrum glabrum 1.48 ± 0.07 12.97 ± 2.33 0.04251 0.02872 0.00328
Cyathea dregei 17.64 ± 4.65 17.93 ± 6.66 0.00332 0.00019 0.00019
Heteromorpha trifoliata 0.62 ± 0.02 0.64 ± 0.10 0.04252 0.06858 0.06644
Indigofera frutescens 7.11 ± 1.10 7.58 ± 1.05 0.1044 0.01468 0.01377
Leucosidea sericea 1.08 ± 0.11 1.27 ± 0.07 0.0515 0.04769 0.04055
Maesa lanceolata 0.72 ± 0.05 1.68 ± 0.10 0.01577 0.0219 0.00939
Melia azedarach 6.24 ± 0.20 10.96 ± 1.79 0.14466 0.02318 0.0137
Milletia grandis 5.57 ± 0.33 6.11 ± 1.04 0.05336 0.00958 0.00873
Strychnos mitis 16.56 ± 4.88 16.94 ± 4.71 0.01721 0.00104 0.00102
Zanthoxylum capense 13.26 ± 0.24 13.64 ± 3.44 0.02095 0.00643 0.00153
  1. Note: all values for EHA, LDT and LC50 in mg/ml; Albendazole was positive control and recorded 100% inhibition at all concentrations (0.008 to 25 μg/ml) used, while 2.5% DMSO recorded < 10% inhibition.