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Table 1 List of plant species used in the investigation, their traditional uses and references

From: Efficacy and toxicity of thirteen plant leaf acetone extracts used in ethnoveterinary medicine in South Africa on egg hatching and larval development of Haemonchus contortus

Plant species Family Medicinal uses Reference
Brachylaena discolor Asteraceae (267) Purgatives against intestinal parasites, anthelmintics for calves, sheep and goats [2325]
Zanthoxylum capense Rutaceae (96) Gastric and intestinal disorders,anthelmintics, cough, bronchitis,pleurisy [23, 25].
Clerodendrum glabrum Lamiaceae (403) Intestinal parasites, coughs, fever, and diabetes [2325].
Heteromorpha trifoliata Apiaceae (491) Intestinal worms, colic in horses and vermifuge, enemas for abdominal disorders [23, 24, 26].
Apodytes dimidiata Icacinaceae (139) Enemas for intestinal parasites, purgatives, inflammation of the ear [23, 24, 26].
Strychnos mitis Strychnaceae (73) Malaria, fevers [27]
Maesa lanceolata Maesaceae (615) Anthelmintics, treatment of wounds and infertility [24].
Indigofera frutescens Papilionaceae (675) Anthelmintics [24].
Leucosidea sericea Rosaceae (288) Treatment of opthalmia, anthelmintics, astringents and vermifuge [24, 28].
Melia azedarach Meliaceae (702) Effective anthelmintics, emetic, cathartic and treatment of eczema [24, 25, 29]
Clausena anisata Rutaceae (317) Anthelmintics, purgatives, rheumatism, fevers and myiasis [30].
Cyathea dregei Cyatheaceae (658) Anthelmintics [30].
Milletia grandis Papilionaceae (704) Anthelmintics and tranquilizers [24, 31]
  1. (PRU voucher specimen numbers provided after family names).
  2. Only the leaves of these plants species were used in the present study.