Fecal variable

Baseline (DC)

DC^{1}

HPGM ^{2}

HCS ^{3}

KruskalWallis

Mixed model


    
pvalue

pvalue


Total VFA
,
mM

196 [165–221] ^{A}

195 [165–239] ^{A}

137 [ 75.0 – 192 ] ^{B}

176 [152.3–198] ^{A}

0.01

< 0.01

Acetic acid
,
mM

118 [90.0–135] ^{A}

118.9 [93.9–144] ^{A}

71.0 [ 47.8 – 105 ] ^{B}

96.9 [83.5–111] ^{A,B}

< 0.01

< 0.01

Propionic acid
,
mM

49.3 [45.3–55.9] ^{A}

51.1 [33.5–63.8] ^{A}

25.2 [ 7.1 – 31.5 ] ^{B}

21.1 [14.0–29.9] ^{A}

0.02

< 0.01

Butyric acid
,
mM

21.3 [14.8–27.8] ^{A}

21.3 [14.8–27.8] ^{A}

16.8 [9.0–23.6] ^{A}

21.1 [14.0–29.9] ^{A}

0.10

0.08

Valeric acid
,
mM

0.4 [0.0–0.5] ^{B}

0.4 [0.0–0.8] ^{B}

9.8 [ 0.0 – 15.3 ] ^{A}

0.6 [0.4–6.6] ^{B}

< 0.01

< 0.01

BCFA
,
mM

8.1 [6.8–12.1] ^{A,B}

8.3 [5.6–12.4] ^{A,B}

13.1 [ 2.2 – 18.9 ] ^{A}

8.2 [5.5–12.2] ^{B}

0.10

0.02

Calprotectin, μg / g

4.6 [2.9–7.5] ^{B}

3.0 [2.9–20.6] ^{B}

25.0 [ 12.0 – 113.4 ] ^{A}

8.8 [5.7–22.9]^{A,B}

0.01

< 0.01*

 *The ANOVA pvalue was calculated for this variable due to lack of measurement points.
 ^{1}DC: dry commercial diet.
 ^{2}HPGM: highprotein greavesmeal diet.
 ^{3}HCS: highcarbohydrate starch based diet.
 Values are expressed as medians and ranges [min–max]. For each variable, diets not sharing a common superscript (A, B) are significantly different at p < 0.05 and are marked in bold.