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Table 4 Product contact times during surgeon preps a recorded using video observation in 10 companion animal clinics

From: Observational study of patient and surgeon preoperative preparation in ten companion animal clinics in Ontario, Canada

    Soap & water surgeon prepsa Alcohol-based surgeon prepsa
Clinic No. of surgeons Total surgeon preps n Mean contact time (s) Median contact time (s) Range (s) n Mean contact time (s) Median contact time (s) Range (s)
1 4 17b 8 41 34 22 - 90 6 12 10 4 - 25
2 2 30c 29 40 34 11 - 79 - - - -
3 1 4 4 154 140 134 - 200 - - - -
4 2 8 8 145 142 68 - 217 - - - -
5 4 23 23 119 134 7 - 216 - - - -
6 2 3 3 127 139 89 - 153 - - - -
7 2 8d 7 210 200 96 - 402 - - - -
8 10 81e 46 261 274 28 - 529 31 38 27 11 - 123
9 1 9 9 25 29 10 - 35 - - - -
10 3 7 7 88 93 41 - 120 - - - -
Total 31 190 144 121f 122g 7 - 529 37 25f 19g 4 - 123
144h 124i 34h 25i
  1. apreoperative surgeon preparation procedures (scrub or rub of hands +/− arms).
  2. b2 alcohol preps were started but not completed in view of the camera, surgeon gloved without prepping for one procedure (all cat neuters).
  3. chands rinsed with water only for 1 procedure (cat neuter).
  4. dregloving alone performed for one procedure without additional prep.
  5. e3 soap & water preps were started but not completed in view of the camera, regloving alone performed for one procedure without additional prep.
  6. faverage of the means for each clinic.
  7. gaverage of the medians for each clinic.
  8. hoverall mean.
  9. ioverall median.