Skip to main content

Table 1 Agents used for routine preoperative patient preparation and surgeon preparation in 10 companion animal clinics

From: Observational study of patient and surgeon preoperative preparation in ten companion animal clinics in Ontario, Canada

Agent Recommended contact timea Number of clinics using for:
   Patient prep Final patient prep Surgeon prep
70-99% isopropanol - 8 3 -
70% isopropanol, 0.5% CH 2+ min 5 4 1
61% ethanol, 1% CH 1.5-2 min [9, 11] - - 1
4% CH 3 min twice 4 - 9
0.1% CH (prepared in house) - 1 - -
2% chloroxylenol 2 min 4 - 2
0.6% chloroxylenol Not labeled for pre-op use - - 1
7.5% povidone iodine 5 min 1 - -
10% povidone iodine Paint & dry, 5 min 2 2 -
0.2% ammonium chlorides Not labeled for use on patients 1 1 -
  1. CH = chlorhexidine.
  2. arecommended contact time for preoperative use on surgical site or hands, as per product label.