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Table 2 Occurrence of FMD outbreaks in Eastern Africa (2006–2010)

From: Laboratory capacity for diagnosis of foot-and-mouth disease in Eastern Africa: implications for the progressive control pathway

Country/ Region Number of years with FMD outbreaks Sample submission to WRL (no. of years) FMDV serotypes identified
2006 2007 2008 2009 2010
Burundi 5 0 - - - - -
Djibouti 0 0 - - - - -
Eritrea 5 0 - - - - -
Ethiopia 5 4 Oab Oa, Aa SAT1a, SAT2a Ob, Ab Ob, Ab, SAT2b Ob, SAT2b
Kenya 5 4 Ab, SAT1ab SAT 2a Oa, SAT2a Oab, Ab, SAT 2b Ob, Ab, SAT1b, SAT 2b Ob, Ab SAT1b, SAT 2b
Puntland nr 0 - - - - -
Rwanda 1 1 negb - - - -
Somalia nr 1 - - - negb -
Somaliland nr 0 - - - - -
South Sudan* 5 0 - - - - -
Sudan 3 1 Aa SAT 2ab Oa, SAT 2a - -
Tanzania 5 2 SAT 1b - - - negb
Uganda 5 2 Oa Ob Oa Oa, negb -
  1. nr: NRL did not reply to this question, -: no FMDV serotypes identified in a particular year, neg: negative samples, a: data obtained from NCBI, Gene Bank for isolates collected during 2006–2010, b: data from annual reports of WRLFMD, Pirbright for 2006–2010. *: the lack of data from South Sudan reflects the very recent division of Sudan into Sudan and South Sudan in 2011.