Skip to main content

Table 2 Plants used as anthelmintics in donkeys and ruminants volunteered by 29 focus groups (made up of 182 individuals)

From: Participatory study of medicinal plants used in the control of gastrointestinal parasites in donkeys in Eastern Shewa and Arsi zones of Oromia region, Ethiopia

Scientific name Traditional name Frequency of groups (%) volunteering plants for use in donkeys Frequency of groups (%) volunteering plants for use in cattle and/or small ruminants Reported potential side effects
Hagenia abyssinica (Bruce) J.F. Gmel Koso (Am) 9 (31) 9 (31) Diarrhoea can kill if overdose
Unknown Mixed roots / leaves / traditional remedy 8(27.6) 12 (41.4)  
Vernonia amygdalina Delile Grawa (Am) 7 (24.1) 13 (44.8) Diarrhoea can kill if overdose
Embelia schimperi Vatke Enkoko (Am) / Hanko (Or) 4 (13.8) 0 Abdominal pain and diarrhoea, bitter taste
Cucumis prophetarum C.A. Mey ex. Cogn Holoto (Or) 3 (10.3) 2 (6.9) Severe diarrhoea and can kill if overdose
Verbascum sinaiticum Benth. Gura Harre (Or) / Yeahiya joro (Am)Donkey ear 3 (10.3) 1 (3.4) None reported
Withania somnifera (L.) Dunal Wahale (Or) / Gizawa (Am) 3 (10.3) 1 (3.4) None reported
Tapinanthus globiferus Tiegh. Harmuu (Or)(parasitic plant) 1 (3.4) 0 None if correct dose
Phytolacca dodecandra L’Hér Endod (Am) / Handode (Or) 1 (3.4) 0 Acidic effect in stomach, can create burning sensation
Unknown Yeare Geleba (Am) / Geleba atara (Or) Bean Straw 1 (3.4) 0  
Trigonella foenum-graecum L. Abish (Am) 1 (3.4) 2 (6.9) None reported
Unknown ‘root’ Buri (Or) 1 (3.4) 0 Severe diarrhoea and can kill if overdose
Unknown Abdul Salim 1 (3.4) 1 (3.4) Bitter taste if overdose can kill
Dodonaea angustifolia L.F. Kitkita (Am) 1 (3.4) 0 Severe diarrhoea and can kill
Unknown Sara-aja (Or) 1 (3.4) 2 (6.9) None reported
Croton macrostachyus Hochst. ex. Delile Bisana (Am) 1 (3.4) 0 Burning sensation and severe diarrhoea
Unknown Chobi (Or) 0 1 (3.4) None if use root, juice from plant is irritant to skin
Unknown Feto (Or/Am) 0 1 (3.4) None reported
Nicotiana tabacum L. Tobacco 0 10 (34.5%) Diarrhoea if overdose unconsciousness and can kill
Melia azedarach L. Milia 0 1 (3.4) None reported
Capparis cartilaginea Decne. Delensisa (Or) 0 2 (6.9) Diarrhoea overdose can kill
Unknown Keskesae (Am) 0 1 (3.4) None reported
  1. NB: International plant name index (IPNI) names including latin and author names for each plant species are given where available.
  2. Where a plant is labelled ‘unknown’, we were unable to obtain a voucher specimen that was positively identified by a respondent either due to season or locality.
  3. Where known, the language for each traditional name given is noted as either Or (Oromic) or Am (Amharic).