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Table 1 Signs of gastrointestinal parasites in donkeys and ruminants reported by 29 groups of donkey owners

From: Participatory study of medicinal plants used in the control of gastrointestinal parasites in donkeys in Eastern Shewa and Arsi zones of Oromia region, Ethiopia

Signs attributed to gastrointestinal parasites Donkey n groups (%) Cattle n groups (%) Sheep and goats n groups (%)
Worms in faeces 28 (96.6) 25 (86.2) 20 (69.0)
Loss of body condition 25 (86.2) 22 (75.9) 10 (34.5)
Colic 3 (10.3) 5 (17.2) 3 (10.3)
Bloat 5 (17.2) 4 (13.8) 2 (6.9)
Rough hair coat / loss of hair 5 (17.2) 3 (10.3) 1 (3.4)
Cough 11 (37.9) 4 (13.8) 8 (27.6)
Loss of appetite 9 (31.0) 8 (27.6) 1 (3.4)
Diarrhoea - 14 (48.3) 5 (17.2)
Gut sounds 4 (13.8) - 2 (6.9)
Eggs on mane 2 (6.9) - -
Lice / external parasites - 2 (6.9) 3 (10.3)
Bottle jaw - 5 (17.2) 7 (24.1)
Cysts (internal organs) - - 1 (3.4)
Pungent smell faeces - 2 (6.9) -
Bloody urine - 2 (6.9) -
Miscellaneous 8 (27.6) 4 (13.8) -