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Table 4 Arterial blood gases and electrolytes (mean±SD)

From: The effect of premedication with ketamine, alone or with diazepam, on anaesthesia with sevoflurane in parrots (Amazona aestiva)

  Group
  Moment S KS KDS
pH T0 7.436 ± 0.042 7.458 ± 0.052 7.463 ± 0.056
T2 7.410 ± 0.053Δ 7.433 ± 0.057Δ 7.386 ± 0.055Δ
PaCO2 (mmHg) T0 22.1 ± 3.45 22.0 ± 4.56 22.1 ± 3.63
T2 39.7 ± 5.33Δ 34.1 ± 6.4Δ 40.1 ± 7.77Δ
PaO2 (mmHg) T0 100.2 ± 6.94 98.3 ± 8.14 96.0 ± 7.15
T2 391.8 ± 63.74Δ 324.4 ± 112.3Δ 372.0 ± 85.48Δ
SaO2 (%) T0 96.2 ± 1.03 96.3 ± 1.07 96.2 ± 1.19
T2 100.0 ± 0.0Δ 99.9 ± 0.29Δ 100.0 ± 0.0Δ
BE (mmol.L-1) T0 - 8.7 ± 2.31 −7.6 ± 3.42 −7.4 ± 3.68
T2 0.3 ± 4.41Δ −1.3 ± 3.52Δ −0.8 ± 2.69Δ
HCO 3 ( mmol . L 1 ) T0 14.3 ± 1.95 15.1 ± 3.2 15.1 ± 3.03
T2 24.7 ± 3.78Δ 22.2 ± 3.30Δ 23.3 ± 2.80Δ
Ht (%) T0 37.6 ± 6.33 38.8 ± 8.49 36.8 ± 5.34
T2 37.4 ± 4.12 37.6 ± 7.42 37.8 ± 3.66
Hb (g.dL-1) T0 12.9 ± 2.17 13.2 ± 2.88 12.5 ± 1.78
T2 12.8 ± 1.50 12.8 ± 2.51 12.9 ± 1.29
Na+ (mmol.L-1) T0 147.0 ± 1.35 147.2 ± 2.86 147.6 ± 2.15
T2 145.6 ± 1.88 146.3 ± 3.55 147.7 ± 2.10
K+ (mmol.L-1) T0 3.5 ± 0.36 3.9 ± 1.15 3.6 ± 0.56
T2 3.8 ± 0.53 4.5 ± 1.57 3.9 ± 0.37
iCa (mmol.L-1) T0 0.7 ± 0.29 0.8 ± 0.31 0.7 ± 0.23
T2 0.8 ± 0.19 0.8 ± 0.29 0.8 ± 0.24
  1. PaCO 2 arterial carbon dioxide partial pressure, PaO 2 arterial oxygen partial pressure, SaO 2 arterial oxygen saturation, BE base excess, HCO 3 bicarbonate ion concentration, Ht haematocrit, Hb haemoglobin concentration, Na+ serum sodium concentration, K+ serum potassium concentration, iCa serum ionised calcium concentration, T0 before premedication, T2 after MAD; Δ P < 0.05 compared with T0.