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Table 3 Physiological parameters (mean±SD)

From: The effect of premedication with ketamine, alone or with diazepam, on anaesthesia with sevoflurane in parrots (Amazona aestiva)

Parameter Group T0 T1 T2
HR (beat.min-1) S 183 ± 33 164 ± 23 195 ± 34
KS 180 ± 38 167 ± 33 193 ± 54
KDS 174 ± 33 163 ± 24 180 ± 32
RR (breaths.min-1) S 93 ± 26 79 ± 31 31 ± 06Δ†
KS 65 ± 31# 29 ± 08 22 ± 06Δ
KDS 71 ± 28# 31 ± 09 21 ± 07Δ
SAP (mmHg) S 170 ± 29 176 ± 26 136 ± 21Δ†
KS 175 ± 19 177 ± 22 163 ± 31#
KDS 175 ± 24 175 ± 37 168 ± 25#
CT (°C) S 42 ± 0.52 41.5 ± 0.86 40 ± 1.28Δ †
KS 41.8 ± 0.69 41 ± 0.5Δ 40.4 ± 0.94Δ
KDS 41.7 ± 0.71 40.2 ± 0.57Δ # 40.3 ± 0.84Δ
  1. HR heart rate, RR respiratory rate, SAP systolic blood arterial pressure, CT cloacal temperature; T0: before premedication; T1: 15 min after premedication; T2: after MAD; # P < 0.05 compared with S; Δ P < 0.05 compared with T0; † P < 0.05 compared with T1.