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Table 3 Factors associated with ownership of a ‘Pit Bull or cross’ or a ‘Bull Breed’ dog

From: Pet ownership, dog types and attachment to pets in 9–10 year old children in Liverpool, UK

Outcome (predictor variable) No (n or median) Yes (n or median) Crude OR Crude 95%CI Crude P Adjusted OR Adjusted 95% CI Adjusted P
a) Pit Bull or cross         
Gender         
   Male 160 13 1      
   Female 176 7 0.49 0.19-1.26 0.14 0.49 0.15-1.59 0.23
Ethnicity         
   White 269 15 1      
   Non-white 19 4 3.78 1.14-12.50 0.03 3.96 0.99-15.76 0.05
Sibling status         
   Neither 162 10 1      
   Single 37 1 0.44 0.05-3.53 0.44 0.79 0.08-7.46 0.84
   Youngest 146 8 0.89 0.34-2.31 0.81 0.93 0.29-3.01 0.90
Deprivation score 46.98 66.40 1.07 1.03-1.11 0.001 1.06 1.02-1.11 0.01
b) Bull Breed         
Gender         
   Male 124 48 1      
   Female 134 49 0.94 0.59-1.51 0.81 1.04 0.60-1.82 0.88
Ethnicity         
   White 206 77 1      
   Non-white 14 9 1.72 0.72-4.41 0.23 0.99 0.35-2.81 0.99
Sibling status         
   Neither 119 52 1      
   Single 31 7 0.52 0.21-1.25 0.14 0.62 0.22-1.70 0.35
   Youngest 115 39 0.78 0.48-1.26 0.31 0.59 0.33-1.06 0.08
Deprivation score 41.55 55.05 1.03 1.02-1.05 <0.001 1.03 1.01-1.05 <0.001
  1. a) n=274. Hosmer-lemeshow=0.20.
  2. b) n=274. Hosmer-lemeshow=0.13.
  3. Bull Breed defined as for example Pit Bull or Staffordshire Bull Terrier or American Bulldog, including crosses of these.