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Table 5 Multinominal logistic regression model of training category for recall / chasing behaviour

From: The use of electronic collars for training domestic dogs: estimated prevalence, reasons and risk factors for use, and owner perceived success as compared to other training methods

Training group Variable Wald statistic df P value Odds Ratio 95% CI for Odds Ratio
Lower Upper
Reward Owner gender Female compared to male reference 10.067 1 0.002 2.786 0.191 0.676
Puppy class Attending compared to not attending 0.156 1 0.693 1.124 0.498 1.589
Agility class Not attending compared to attending 10.101 1 0.001 2.711 1.466 5.014
Other aversive Owner gender Female compared to male reference 1.744 1 0.187 1.701 0.267 1.293
  Puppy class Attending compared to not attending 9.916 1 0.002 2.817 0.186 0.676
  Agility class Not attending compared to attending 0.136 1 0.713 1.134 0.580 2.220
  1. Influence of individual variables included in the model on reward and aversive training method groups as compared to the e-collar trained group.