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Table 3 Categorisation of training methods used in comparison groups

From: The use of electronic collars for training domestic dogs: estimated prevalence, reasons and risk factors for use, and owner perceived success as compared to other training methods

Training method used Category Recall /chasing problems
   Number of cases Number of cases exclusive to category
E-collar E-collar 102 83
Citronella collar    
Verbal punishment
Water pistol
Non verbal distraction
  Aversive based 156 123
Withholding treats    
Clicker training
Food rewards
  Reward based 406 373
  1. This table illustrates the specific training methods combined in the comparison groups, categorisation of training methods, numbers of cases where owners report the use of each category for recall / chasing behaviours, and the numbers included in further analysis which are mutually exclusive of other categories.