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Table 2 Incidence risk (%) and rates (cases per 1000 days at risk) of individually treated diseases in 3519 white veal calves by production system (10 cohorts, 2007-2009, Belgium)a

From: Longitudinal study on morbidity and mortality in white veal calves in Belgium

Disease   Total (n = 3519) Dairy (n = 1429) Crossbreds (n = 996) Beef (n = 1094)
  Percentage of cohorts affected Incidence risk
mean ± SD
(min-max)
Incidence rate
mean ± SD
(min-max)
Incidence risk
mean ± SD
(min-max)
Incidence rate
mean ± SD
(min-max)
Incidence risk
mean ± SD
(min-max)
Incidence rate
mean ± SD
(min-max)
Incidence risk
mean ± SD
(min-max)
Incidence rate
mean ± SD
(min-max)
Total morbiditya 100 31.0 ± 17.4
(11.2-57.3)
1.66 ± 0.97
(0.57-3.14)
26.1 ± 21.8
(11.2-51.1)
1.45 ± 1.23
(0.57-2.86)
26.6 ± 19.3
(15.4-48.8)
1.39 ± 1.05
(0.78-2.60)
38.0 ± 15.2
(20.8-57.3)
2.03 ± 0.88
(1.05-3.14)
Respiratory disease 100 17.9 ± 9.6
(8.2-33.9)
0.95 ± 0.52
(0.41-1.79)
16.8 ± 9.7
(8.3-27.4)
0.93 ± 0.55
(0.42-1.52)
17.3 ± 14.4
(8.2-33.9)
0.90 ± 0.77
(0.41-1.79)
19.1 ± 8.3
(10.8-28.9)
1.00 ± 0.45
(0.58-1.56)
Diarrhea 100 5.7 ± 3.8
(0-0.5)
0.30 ± 0.20
(0.01-0.61)
3.3 ± 3.9
(0.2-7.7)
0.18 ± 0.22
(0.01-0.42)
6.5 ± 2.3
(4.5-9.1)
0.03 ± 0.13
(0.22-0.47)
7.1 ± 4.5
(1.0-11.4)
0.37 ± 0.24
(0.05-0.61)
Arthritis 100 2.0 ± 2.3
(0.2-7.8)
0.11 ± 0.12
(0.01-0.42)
0.8 ± 0.7
(0.2-1.6)
0.04 ± 0.04
(0.01-0.09)
1.0 ± 0.7
(0.3-1.8)
0.05 ± 0.04
(0.02-0.09)
3.7 ± 2.9
(1.1-7.8)
0.19 ± 0.16
(0.06-0.42)
Scabies 20 1.6 ± 4.4
(0-14.1)
0.09-0.24
(0-0.75)
- - - - 4.1 ± 6.7
(0-14.1)
0.22 ± 0.36
(0-0.75)
Otitis 80 1.3 ± 2.2
(0-2.0)
0.07 ± 0.12
(0-0.40)
2.7 ± 4.1
(0-7.4)
0.15 ± 0.22
(0-0.40)
1.0-0.7
(0.3-1.8)
0.05-0.04
(0.02-0.09)
0.4 ± 0.3
(0-0.6)
0.02 ± 0.01
(0-0.03)
Ruminal drinking 40 0.8-1.7
(0-5.4)
0.04 ± 0.09
(0-0.29)
0.7 ± 1.0
(0-1.8)
0.04 ± 0.05
(0-0.10)
- - 1.5 ± 2.6
(0-5.4)
0.08 ± 0.14
(0-0.29)
Necrobacillosis 40 0.4 ± 0.6
(0-1.6)
0.02 ± 0.03
(0-0.08)
0.1 ± 0.2
(0-0.4)
0.01 ± 0.01
(0-0.02)
- - 0.8 ± 0.7
(0-1.6)
0.04 ± 0.03
(0-0.08)
Idiopathic peritonitis 30 0.3 ± 0.8
(0-2.6)
0.02 ± 0.04
(0-0.14)
0.9 ± 1.5
(0-2.6)
0.05 ± 0.08
(0-0.14)
0.1 ± 0.2
(0-0.3)
0.01 ± 0.01
(0-0.02)
0.1 ± 0.2
(0-0.3)
< 0.01 ± 0.01
(0-0.02)
Omphalitis 30 0.3 ± 0.7
(0-2.0)
0.02 ± 0.03
(0-0.11)
0.4 ± 0.4
(0-0.7)
0.02 ± 0.02
(0-0.04)
0.7 ± 1.2
(0-2.0)
0.04 ± 0.06
(0-0.11)
- -
Internal hemorrhage 20 0.2 ± 0.4
(0-1.2)
0.01 ± 0.02
(0-0.07)
0.4 ± 0.7
(0-1.2)
0.02 ± 0.04
(0-0.07)
- - 0.1 ± 0.1
(0-0.2)
< 0.01 ± 0.01
(0-0.01)
Colic 30 0.1 ± 0.2
(0-0.5)
0.01 ± 0.01
(0-0.03)
- - - - 0.3 ± 0.2
(0-0.5)
0.01 ± 0.01
(0-0.03)
Growth retardation 20 0.1 ± 0.4
(0-1.2)
0.01 ± 0.02
(0-0.06)
- - - - 0.3 ± 0.6
(0-1.2)
0.02 ± 0.03
(0-0.06)
Abcessation 10 0.1 ± 0.2
(0-0.5)
< 0.01 ± 0.01
(0.01-0.42)
- - - - 0.1 ± 0.3
(0-0.5)
0.01 ± 0.01
(0-0.03)
Neurological symptoms 10 0.1 ± 0.2
(0-0.6)
0.01 ± 0.01
(0-0.03)
- - - - 0.2 ± 0.3
(0-0.6)
0.01 ± 0.02
(0-0.03)
Enterotoxaemia 20 0.05 ± 0.1
(0-0.5)
< 0.01 ± 0.01
(0-0.02)
- - - - 0.1 ± 0.2
(0-0.5)
0.01 ± 0.01
(0-0.02)
Trauma 10 0.03 ± 0.1
(0-0.3)
< 0.01 ± 0.01
(0-0.02)
- - - - 0.1 ± 0.2
(0-0.3)
< 0.01 ± 0.01
(0-0.02)
Eye inflammation 10 0.02 ± 0.1
(0-0.2)
< 0.01 ± < 0.01
(0-0.01)
0.1 ± 0.1
(0-0.2)
< 0.01 ± 0.01
(0-0.01)
- - - -
Iron shock 10 0.02 ± 0.1
(0-0.2)
< 0.01 ± < 0.01
(0-0.01)
0.1 ± 0.1
(0-0.2)
< 0.01 ± 0.01
(0-0.01)
- - - -
  1. a Calves could have more than one disease. Both initial and relapse cases were included. - = no cases; SD = standard deviation