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Table 1 Mortality risk (%) and rates (cases per 1000 days at risk) in white veal calves by production system (15 cohorts, 5853 calves, 2007-2009, Belgium)

From: Longitudinal study on morbidity and mortality in white veal calves in Belgium

Cause of mortality   Total (n = 5853) Dairy (n = 2744) Crossbreds (n = 1624) Beef (n = 1485)
  Percentage of cohorts affected Mortality risk
mean ± SD
(min-max)
Mortality rate
mean ± SD
(min-max)
Mortality risk
mean ± SD
(min-max)
Mortality rate
mean ± SD
(min-max)
Mortality risk
mean ± SD
(min-max)
Mortality rate
mean ± SD
(min-max)
Mortality risk
mean ± SD
(min-max)
Mortality rate
mean ± SD
(min-max)
Total mortality 100.0 5.3 ± 2.5
(1.8-10.9)
0.27 ± 0.13
(0.09-0.58)
4.9 ± 0.8
(3.9-5.7)
0.25 ± 0.030
(0.22-0.28)
3.5 ± 1.6
(1.8-5.3)
0.18 ± 0.08
(0.09-0.27)
7.5 ± 3.0
(4.8 ± 10.9)
0.38 ± 0.16
(0.25-0.58)
Pneumonia 100.0 1.3 ± 1.1
(0.3-3.5)
0.07 ± 0.06
(0.01-0.18)
0.9 ± 0.5
(0.5-1.8)
0.05 ± 0.03
(0.03-0.09)
0.7 ± 0.3
(0.3-1.2)
0.03 ± 0.02
(0.15-0.06)
2.3 ± 1.5
(0.3-3.5)
0.02 ± 0.08
(0.01-0.18)
Ruminal disorders 86.7 0.7 ± 0.6
(0-2.2)
0.04 ± 0.03
(0-0.11)
0.8 ± 0.6
(0.2-1.6)
0.04 ± 0.03
(0.01-0.08)
0.8 ± 0.8
(0.2-2.2)
0.04 ± 0.04
(0.01-0.11)
0.6 ± 0.6
(0-1.2)
0.03 ± 0.03
(0-0.06)
Enterotoxaemia 66.7 0.5 ± 0.7
(0-2.2)
0.03 ± 0.03
(0-0.11)
0.2 ± 0.2
(0-0.4)
0.01 ± 0.01
(0-0.02)
0.2 ± 0.2
(0-0.5)
0.01 ± 0.01
(0-0.03)
1.3 ± 0.7
(0.5-2.2)
0.06 ± 0.04
(0.03-0.11)
Idiopathic peritonitis 73.3 0.5 ± 0.6
(0-2.1)
0.02 ± 0.03
(0-0.10)
0.8 ± 0.8
(0-2.1)
0.04 ± 0.04
(0-1.10)
0.3 ± 0.3
(0-0.6)
0.01 ± 0.01
(0-0.03)
0.3 ± 0.3
(0-0.8)
0.01 ± 0.02
(0-0.04)
Enteritis 80.0 0.4 ± 0.3
(0-1.3)
0.02 ± 0.02
(0-0.06)
0.3 ± 0.3
(0-0.7)
0.02 ± 0.02
(0-0.04)
0.3 ± 0.3
(0-0.6)
0.01 ± 0.01
(0-0.03)
0.6 ± 0.4
(0.2-1.3)
0.03 ± 0.02
(0.01-0.06)
Death at arrival 20.0 0.3 ± 0.7
(0-2.2)
0.01 ± 0.03
(0-0.11)
< 0.1 ± 0.1
(0-0.1)
< 0.01 ± 0.00
(0-0.01)
0.4 ± 1.0
(0-2.2)
0.02 ± 0.05
(0-0.11)
0.3 ± 0.7
(0-1.6)
0.02 ± 0.04
(0-0.08)
Arthritis 26.7 0.1 ± 0.3
(0-1.0)
0.01 ± 0.01
(0-0.05)
0.1 ± 0.1
(0-0.2)
< 0.01 ± 0.01
(0-0.01)
- - 0.3 ± 0.4
(0-1.0)
0.01 ± 0.02
(0-0.05)
Abomasal hemorrhage 26.7 0.1 ± 0.1
(0-0.3)
< 0.01 ± 0.01
(0-0.02)
0.0 ± 0.1
(0-0.1)
< 0.01 ± 0.00
(0-0.01)
0.1 ± 0.1
(0-0.3)
< 0.01 ± 0.01
(0-0.02)
0.1 ± 0.1
(0-0.3)
0.01 ± 0.01
(0-0.01)
Congenital heart defect 20.0 0.1 ± 0.2
(0-0.5)
< 0.01 ± 0.01
(0-0.03)
0.1 ± 0.2
(0-0.4)
< 0.01 ± 0.01
(0-0.02)
0.2 ± 0.2
(0-0.5)
0.01 ± 0.01
(0-0.03)
- -
Hydranencephalia 20.0 0.1 ± 0.2
(0-0.6)
< 0.01 ± 0.01
(0-0.03)
< 0.1 ± 0.1
(0-0.1)
< 0.01 ± 0.01
(0-0.01)
0.1 ± 0.2
(0-0.5)
0.01 ± 0.01
(0-0.03)
0.1 ± 0.3
(0-0.6)
0.01 ± 0.01
(0-0.03)
Intussusception 20.0 0.1 ± 0.2
(0-0.5)
< 0.01 ± 0.01
(0-0.028)
0.0 ± 0.1
(0-0.2)
< 0.01 ± 0.01
(0-0.01)
0.1 ± 0.1
(0-0.3)
< 0.01 ± 0.01
(0-0.02)
0.1 ± 0.2
(0-0.5)
0.01 ± 0.00
(0-0.03)
Omphalitis 46.7 0.1 ± 0.2
(0-0.6)
0.01 ± 0.01
(0-0.03)
0.2 ± 0.1
(0.2--0.4)
< 0.01 ± 0.00
(0.01--0.02)
0.1 ± 0.1
(0-0.3)
< 0.01 ± 0.01
(0-0.02)
0.1 ± 0.3
(0-0.6)
0.01 ± 0.01
(0-0.03)
Perforating abomasal ulceration 26.7 0.1 ± 0.2
(0-0.6)
0.01 ± 0.01
(0-0.03)
0.3 ± 0.3
(0-0.6)
0.01 ± 0.02
(0-0.03)
- - 0.0 ± 0.1
(0.0-0.2)
< 0.01 ± 0.01
(0-0.01)
Unknown sudden death 6.7 0.1 ± 0.5
(0-1.8)
0.01 ± 0.03
(0-0.10)
- - - - 0.4 ± 0.8
(0-1.8)
0.02 ± 0.04
(0-0.10)
Iron shock 13.3 < 0.1 ± 0.1
(0-0.2)
< 0.01 ± 0.00
(0-0.01)
< 0.1 ± 0.1
(0-0.2)
< 0.01 ± 0.00
(0-0.01)
< 0.1 ± 0.1
(0-0.2)
< 0.01 ± 0.01
(0-0.01)
- -
Liver disease 6.7 < 0.1 ± 0.1
(0-0.5)
< 0.01 ± 0.01
(0-0.024)
< 0.1 ± 0.1
(0-0.2)
< 0.01 ± 0.00
(0-0.01)
- - 0.1 ± 0.2
(0-0.5)
0.01 ± 0.01
(0-0.02)
Meningitis 6.7 < 0.1 ± 0.1
(0-0.3)
< 0.01 ± 0.00
(0-0.02)
- - 0.1 ± 0.1
(0-0.3)
< 0.01 ± 0.01
(0-0.02)
- -
Mesenteric torsion 6.7 < 0.1 ± 0.1
(0-0.3)
< 0.01 ± 0.00
(0-0.016)
- - - - 0.1 ± 0.1
(0-0.3)
< 0.01 ± 0.01
(0-0.02)
Necrobacillosis 13.3 < 0.1 ± 0.1
(0-0.3)
< 0.01 ± 0.01
(0-0.02)
0.0 ± 0.1
(0-0.2)
< 0.01 ± 0.01
(0-0.01)
- - 0.1 ± 0.1
(0-0.3)
< 0.01 ± 0.01
(0-0.02)
Orchitis 6.7 < 0.1 ± 0.1
(0-0.2)
< 0.01 ± 0.00
(0-0.01)
- - < 0.1 ± 0.1
(0-0.2)
< 0.01 ± 0.01
(0-0.01)
- -
Trauma 13.3 < 0.1 ± 0.1
(0-0.3)
< 0.01 ± 0.01
(0-0.02)
< 0.1 ± 0.1
(0-0.2)
< 0.01 ± 0.01
(0-0.014)
0.1 ± 0.1
(0-0.3)
< 0.01 ± 0.01
(0-0.012)
- -
Urethra obstruction 6.7 < 0.1 ± 0.1
(0-0.2)
< 0.01 ± 0.01
(0-0.01)
< 0.1 ± 0.1
(0-0.2)
< 0.01 ± 0.01
(0-0.01)
- - - -
Not autopsied 80.0 0.6 ± 0.6
(0-1.8)
< 0.01 ± 0.03
(0-0.09)
0.8 ± 0.6
(0.2-1.6)
0.04 ± 0.03
(0.01-0.08)
0.2 ± 0.3
(0-0.6)
0.01 ± 0.01
(0-0.03)
0.8 ± 0.7
(0-1.8)
0.04 ± 0.03
(0-0.09)
  1. - = no cases