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Table 1 Detection of antibodies against BVDV in four species of wild ruminants in Switzerland

From: Bovine viral diarrhea virus in free-ranging wild ruminants in Switzerland: low prevalence of infection despite regular interactions with domestic livestock

  Sampling units Total
Jura Jura North North Centre Centre South South South
South North West East West East West Centre East
Roe deer Seroprevalence 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
(95% CI) (0–14.8) (0–5.4) (0–6) (0–4.5) (0–9) (0–5) (0–8) (0–21.8) (0–10) (0–0.8)
positive/tested 0/23 0/67 0/60 0/80 0/39 0/72 0/44 0/15 0/35 0/435
Red deer Seroprevalence 0 - - 6.9 1.8 4.8 3.6 0 0.8 2.7
(95% CI) (0–20.6)    (2.8–13.8) (0.05–9.5) (0.6–16.2) (0.4–12.5) (0–4.6) (0.02–4.3) (1.5–4.6)
positive/tested 0/16 - - 7/101 1/56 2/42 2/55 0/78 1/128 13/476
Chamois Seroprevalence 0 0 0 1.4 11.5 4.8 5.6 0 0 2.1
(95% CI) (0–13.2) (0–5.8) (0–36.9) (0–7.5) (2.4–30.2) (1.0–13.3) (1.2–15.4) (0–9.5) (0–3.1) (1.0–3.9)
positive/tested 0/26 0/62 0/8 1/72 3/26 3/63 3/54 0/37 0/118 10/466
Ibex Seroprevalence - - - 0 1.2 4.3 6.7 0 0 1.8
(95% CI)     (0–6.3) (0.03–6.7) (0.5–14.5) (2.5–14.1) (0–33.6) (0–1.7) (0.8–3.4)
positive/tested - - - 0/57 1/81 2/47 6/89 0/9 0/217 9/500
Total Seroprevalence 0 0 0 2.9 2.5 3.1 5 0 0.2 1.7
(95% CI) (0–5.5) (0–2.8) (0–5.3) (1.3–5.4) (0.8–5.7) (1.3–6.3) (2.6–8.5) (0–2.6) (0.01–1.1) (1.2–2.4)
positive/tested 0/65 0/129 0/68 9/310 5/202 7/224 12/242 0/139 1/498 32/1877