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Table 4 Coxiella burnetii MLVA types observed in three animal and four environmental matrices obtained from 45 farm locations in the Netherlands

From: Molecular typing of Coxiella burnetii from animal and environmental matrices during Q fever epidemics in the Netherlands

Matrix type  Sample type  Origin Sample size MLVA genotypes
A B C D E F A + Ea
Animal Vaginal swabs Goats 63 (15) 46 (11) 6 (2) 2 (1) 9 (1)    
   Sheep 19 (6) 14 (5) 5 (1)      
  Placentas Goats 2 (2) 2 (2)       
   Sheep 1 1       
  Spleens Rats 11 (4) 6 (3)     5 (1)   
Environment Surface swabs Goat farms 69 (17) 53 (13) 13 (3)      3 (1)
   Sheep farms 9 (3) 4 (2)      5 (1)  
  Manure Goat farms 1 1       
  Milk unit filters Goat farms 13 (7) 11 (6)       2 (1)
  Aerosols Goat farms 2 (2) 2 (2)       
  1. aboth genotype A and E present in sample.
  2. Samples were obtained from 34 dairy goat farms, 9 (non-dairy) sheep, one cattle farm, and one petting zoo. The number of farms on which the samples were collected is displayed between brackets.
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