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Table 4 Comparison pre-weight loss parameters in obese dogs with and without metabolic syndrome

From: Obesity-related metabolic dysfunction in dogs: a comparison with human metabolic syndrome

Criterion Metabolic syndrome No metabolic syndrome P
Age mo 98 (31 to 132) 66 (12 to 132) 0.335
Sex 1 5 NM, 2 NF 1 M, 14 NM, 2 F, 11 NF 0.835
Breed 2 Dachshund, Doberman, English Bull Terrier, Irish Setter, Labrador, Lhasa Apso, Mixed Breed Akita, Border Collie, Cairn Terrier, CKCS (3), Cocker Spaniel, Corgi, Doberman, Golden Retriever, Labrador (8), Miniature Schnauzer, Mixed Breed (2), Pug (3), Samoyed, Schipperke, Yorkshire Terrier (2) 0.321
Start weight kg 42.8 (8.5 to 56.3) 28.6 (5.4 to 77.0) 0.479
Total BF 3 % 47 (37 to 51) 44 (30 to 55) 0.424
Weight loss % 28 (16 to 44) 28 (9 to 38) 0.531
Weight loss rate %/wk 0.7 (0.2 to 1.4) 0.8 (0.3 to 1.4) 0.642
EI during weight loss 4 62 (53 to 74) 60 (44 to 74) 0.672
Change in lean mass % -7 (-21 to -2) -7 (-20 to 10) 0.537
Adiponectin μg/mL 4.1 (2.4 to 8.1) 8.4 (0.8 to 19.5) 0.031
Insulin pmol/L 428 (125 to 686) 222 (36 to 524)  
μIU/mL 62 (18 to 99) 32 (5 to 75) 0.030
hs-CRP nmoL/L 7.0 (0.1 to 56.6) 11.1 (4.0 to 214.8) 0.719
  1. 1 For sex, F: female, NF: neutered female, NM: neutered male. Upper limit: the upper reference range limit used for the definition of metabolic syndrome. 2 For Breed, CKCS: Cavalier King Charles spaniel. 3 Total body fat measured by dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry. 4 Energy intake for weight loss is the median value for the whole of weight loss, expressed as energy (in Kcal) per kg metabolic body weight (kg0.75)/day. All results are expressed as median (range).