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Table 1 Medicinal plants used by farmers for management of diarrhoea in Plateau State

From: Ethnobotanical survey of medicinal plants used in the treatment of animal diarrhoea in Plateau State, Nigeria

       Plant parts in use
S/No Botanical/Scientific name Family Common Name (English) Nig. Lang Name* (H; Y; I; F; Others) Folkloric Evidence of Use (%) Leaves Stem bark Roots Fruits Seeds Flower Whole
1 Acacia albida Fabaceae (Mimosaceae) Apple-ring Acacia, Winter Thorn H: Gawo 1 (0.40%) + + - - - - -
2 Acacia sieberiana Fabaceae White thorn, African laburnum H: Farar kaya 1 (0.40%) + + - - - - -
3 Adansonia digitata, Bombacaceae Baobab Tree, Judas Fruit H: Kuka 49 (19.76%) + - - - - - -
4 Adina microcephala Rubiaceae Adina, African teak H: Madacin Rafi, Mangoron rafi 2 (0.81%) - + - - - - -
5 Aloe buettneri Liliaceae West African aloe H: Zabuwa; F: Zabuwahi 2 (0.81%) + - - - - - -
6 Anogeissus leiocarpus Combretaceae African Birch H: Marke; Y: Pako dudu, ayin 6 (2.42%) + + - - + - -
7 Azadirachta indica Meliaceae Neem Tree,Nimba, Nimb H: Dogon Yaro, Darbegiya 2 (0.81%) + - - - - - -
8 Bauhinia rufescens Fabaceae Bauhinia H: Matsagi, Kalgon Allah F: Nammare 1 (0.4%) + - - - - - -
9 Boswellia dalzielii Hutch Burseraceae Frankincense tree H: Ararabi; Hano; F: Mangalede 1 (0.40%) - - - - - - -
10 Burkea africana Fabaceae Wild seringa, Rhodesian ash, seringa tree H: Gwazan kura, Bakin makarfo F: Jill arab 1 (0.40%) - - - - - - -
11 Carica papaya Caricaceae Paw-paw H: Gwanda 3 (1.21%) - + - - + - -
12 Combretum glutinosum Combretaceae - H: kantakara, Baushe 11 (4.4%) + - + - - - -
13 Combretum lamprocarpum Combretaceae - H: Bauli; F: Buski daneehi; Zindi; Y: ajantiro 2 (0.81%) + - - - - - -
14 Combretum molle Combretaceae Velvet bush/leaf willow Gupiya (Ron) 1 (0.40%) - - - - - - -
15 Croton zambesicus Euphorbiaceae Tiger bush Berom: Lieng 1 (0.40%) - - - - - - -
16 Cucumis metuliferus Cucurbitaceae. African horned cucumber or melon Berom: Kwalchungul 14 (5.65%) - - - + - - +
17 Daniellia oliveri Fabaceae African copaiba balsam tree H: Maje, Kadaura 1 (0.41%) + - - - - - -
18 Detarium senegalensis Fabaceae Sweet detar H: Gobodo; Farar taura 3 (1.31%) + + + - - - -
19 Erythrophleum sauveolens Fabaceae Ordeal tree, Sasswood tree H: Samberu/Gwaska 1 (0.40%) - - - - - - -
20 Erythrophloem africanum Fabaceae African blackwood H:Goska; F: Naretibahi 1 (0.40%) - - - - - - -
21 Eucalyptus tereticornis Myrtaceae Forest red gum H: Turare 1 (0.40%) - - - - - - -
22 Euphorbia hirta Euphorbiaceae Asthma Weed H: Nonon kurciya; Oegendagar (Doemak) 1 (0.40%) - - - - - - -
23 Ficus ingens Moraceae Red-leaved fig F: Nunahi; Bakurahi; H: Kawuri 2 (0.81%) + - - - - - -
24 Ficus platyphylla Moraceae Flake/Red Kano rubber tree H: Gamji; F: Dundehi 2 (0.81%) - + - - - - -
25 Ficus sycomorus L Moraceae Sycamore fig or fig mullberry Baure (H) 1 (0.40%) - + - - - - -
26 Geranium spp Geraniaceae Crane's bill H: Garahunu 1 (0.40%) - - - - - - -
27 Gymnema sylvestris Asclepiadaceae Miracle fruit, australian cowplant H: Kashe zaki 1 (0.40%) - - - - - - -
28 Heeri pulcherrima Anacardiaceae - H: Hawayen zaki 1 (0.40%) - - - - - - -
29 Jatropha curcas L. Euphorbiaceae Purging nut, Barbados nut H: Bini da zugu, Halallamai Mamulu 1 (0.40%) + + - - - + -
30 Khaya senegalensis Meliaceae African Mahogany H: Madaci 43 (17.34%) - + - - - - -
31 Kigelia africana Bignoniaceae Cucumber or Sausage tree H: Nonon giwa; F: Jillarehi 2 (0.81%) - + - - - - -
32 Lasiosiphon kraussianus Thymelaeaceae - H: Shani ka sanni 1 (0.40%) - - - - - - -
33 Milletia thonningii Fabaceae - H: Tumburku; Mmaruk (Taroh) 1 (0.40%) - - + - - - -
34 Mitragyna inermis Rubiaceae False abura H: Giyayya; F: Koli 1 (0.40%) - - - - - - -
35 Moringa oleifera Asclepiadaceae Drumstick Tree H: Zogale 4 (1.61%) + + - - + - -
36 Nauclea latifolia Rubiaceae African peach, Pin cushion tree H: Tafashiya, marga; I: nwabuakonshi; Y: Egbesi plant 1 (0.40%) - - - - - - -
37 Ocimum gratissimum Lamiaceae Basil, Curry leaf H: Daidoya 1 (0.40%) + - - - - - +
38 Parkia biglobosa Fabaceae (Mimosaceae) African locust bean; Monkey cutlass tree H: Doruwa 6 (2.42%) - + - - - - -
39 Piliostigma reticulatum Leguminosae Caesalpiniaceae English: camel's foot (Etkin). H: 'kalgo; F: Batehi; Y: 'abafin' I: okpo atu 5 (2.02%) + - - - - - -
40 Piliostigma thonningii Fabaceae camel's foot, monkey bread, Rhodesian bauhinia Kalgo/Kargo (Hausa) 5 (2.02%) + - - - - - -
41 Prosopis Africana Fabaceae Iron wood; Axlewood H: Kirya; F: Kwahi 3 (1.31) - + - - - - -
42 Psidium guajava Myrtaceae Guava H: Gwaiva 16 (6.45%) + - - - - - -
43 Sarcocephalus latifolius (Smith) Bruce Rubiaceae Country fig; African peach H: Tafashi; Y: Ogbase; Hang (Berom) 3 (1.21%) + + + - - - -
44 Schwenkia americana Solanaceae - H: Dandana; F: Dupuhi; Y: Igbale odan; Collihi (Gwari) 1 (0.40%) - - - - - - -
45 Solanum dasyphyllum Solanaceae - H: Gautan Kaji; Berom: Pyalgwol 6 (2.42%) - - - + - - -
46 Spermacoce villosus Rubiaceae False buttonweed H: Goga masu Ron: Sandigis 1 (0.40%) - - - - - - -
47 Starchytarpheta angustifolia Verbanaceae Devil's coach whip H: Tsarkiyar kuusuu, Wutsiyan kadangare 2 (0.81%) + - + - - - -
48 Striga hermonthica (Del.) Benth Scrophulariaceae Witchweed; purple witchweed H: Wuta-wuta; F: Turguel 1 (0.41%) - - - - - - +
49 Tapinanthus dodoniefolius Loranthaceae Mistletoe on Locust bean H: Kauchi 1 (0.40%) + - - - - - +
50 Tapinanthus globiferus Loranthaceae Mistletoe, loranthus, mulberry mistletoe H: Kauchi 1 (0.40%) + - - - - - +
51 Terminalia avicennioides Combretaceae - H: Baushe; Y: Igiodan; I: Edo; Kpayi (Gwari) 11 (4.44%) - - - - - - -
52 Terminalia macroptera Combretaceae - H: Baushe; F: Bodi; Kung (Mwagavul) 11 (4.4%) + - + - - - -
53 Terminalia mollis Combretaceae Large-leaved terminalia Dakun (Mushere) 2 (0.81%) - - + - - - -
54 Tridax procumbens Combretaceae Coat buttons Kwalla: Magaja 1 (0.40%) - - - - - - -
55 Vernonia guineensis Asteraceae - - 1 (0.40%) - - - - - - -
56 Vitellaria paradoxa Gaertn. (Butyrospermum paradoxum) Sapotaceae Sheabutter tree H: Kadanya; I: okwuma; Y: akú malapa; Mes (Mushere) 2 (0.81%) - + - - - - -
57 Vitex doniana Verbanaceae black plum H: Dinya; F: Bodilohi (Munjiriya); I: Utakiri; Y: Ori-nla 11 (4.4%) + + - + - - -
  1. * H, Y, I, F: Hausa, Yoruba, Igbo, Fulfulde. +, Part use; -, no information on use of part.