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Table 3 mRNA expression of MMPs and inhibitors in control mammary glands and benign and malignant mammary tumors.

From: Matrix metalloproteinases and their inhibitors in canine mammary tumors

Gene mRNA expression -fold changes (arbitrary units)
  Control mammary gland Benign tumors Malignant tumors
MMP-2 1.00 ± 0.46 1.01 ± 0.18 0.76 ± 0.12
MMP-9 1.00 ± 0.30 9.95 ± 4.40 7.23 ± 1.58
MMP-13 1.00 ± 0.28 2.08 ± 0.70 1.27 ± 0.25
MT1-MMP 1.00 ± 0.24 13.26 ± 6.09 2.82 ± 0.64
TIMP-1 1.00 ± 0.17 4.96 ± 1.27 3.97 ± 0.66
TIMP-2 1.00 ± 0.34 0.49 ± 0.09 0.60 ± 0.09
TIMP-3 1.00 ± 0.35 4.16 ± 1.62 2.38 ± 0.65
RECK 1.00 ± 0.52 3.41 ± 1.77 0.51 ± 0.10
  1. Data are expressed as the mean ± SEM.