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Table 6 Treatment effects on haptoglobin, fibrinogen, creatine kinase (activity) and cortisol concentrations pre and post-transport in control and transported (RT and ULT) animals (n = 20 animals/treatment)

From: The effect of road and sea transport on inflammatory, adrenocortical, metabolic and behavioural responses of weanling heifers

Variable d 0 pre-transport d 2 Arrival in French lairage D 3 post-12 h lairage d 4 arrival in Spain d 6 post-transport d 8 post-transport d 10 post-transport d 34 post-transport
Haptoglobin (Hb binding capacity/L)
Control 1.49 ± 0.32ax 0.96 ± 0.22abx 0.84 ± 0.18abx 0.96 ± 0.16abx 0.92 ± 0.15abx 0.73 ± 0.12abx 0.55 ± 0.08bx 0.23 ± 0.04bx
RT 0.74 ± 0.22ax 0.84 ± 0.21abx 0.83 ± 0.20abx 1.25 ± 0.28abx 1.09 ± 0.25abx 0.94 ± 0.15abx 0.89 ± 0.12aby 0.28 ± 0.05by
ULT 0.81 ± 0.15ax 1.10 ± 0.18abx 1.08 ± 0.16abx 1.19 ± 0.18bx 1.02 ± 0.20abx 0.68 ± 0.15abx 0.68 ± 0.13abxy 0.39 ± 0.11by
Fibrinogen (mg/dL)       
Control 870 ± 99.3ax 989 ± 73.0abx 863 ± 64.0abx 1004 ± 67.0abx 853 ± 90.8abx 879 ± 55.3abx 849 ± 60.0abx 580 ± 36.5bx
RT 729 ± 79.4ax 835 ± 91.0aby 757 ± 74.9abx 923 ± 93.8abx 991 ± 109.0abx 746 ± 57.0abx 519 ± 35.0by 583 ± 46.0bx
ULT 785 ± 89.6ax 875 ± 70.8abxy 780 ± 63.7abx 912 ± 83.3abx 972 ± 78.7abx 658 ± 38.0abx 481 ± 38.2by 531 ± 48.6bx
Creatine kinase (CK) (U/L)        
Control 1391 ± 234.0ax 803 ± 176.0bx 679 ± 131.0bx 344 ± 49.0bx 434 ± 52.0bx 220 ± 19.6bx 2252 ± 28.2bx 580 ± 36.5bx
RT 812 ± 148.7ay 2058 ± 1630abx 531 ± 100.7abx 1215 ± 156.0abx 1222 ± 209.0aby 409 ± 105.0by 194 ± 28.0bx 583 ± 46.0bx
ULT 1379 ± 509.0axy 557 ± 101.0bx 578 ± 132.0bx 443 ± 81.0bx 1213 ± 199.0aby 375 ± 64.0bxy 340 ± 100.2bx 531 ± 48.6bx
Cortisol (ng/mL)         
Control 19.21 ± 3.11abx 9.26 ± 1.35bx 11.77 ± 1.59abx 12.77 ± 2.19abx 12.82 ± 1.40abx 12.84 ± 2.74abx 12.46 ± 1.44abx 19.74 ± 2.23ax
RT 20.68 ± 2.70bx 16.78 ± 4.91abx 9.56 ± 1.08abx 12.09 ± 2.04abx 12.01 ± 2.19abx 10.60 ± 1.58abx 8.11 ± 0.89ax 26.25 ± 3.76bx
ULT 19.49 ± 1.82bx 15.36 ± 1.47abx 9.41 ± 1.67abx 14.64 ± 1.74bx 8.98 ± 0.85abx 9.79 ± 0.74abx 10.44 ± 1.39ax 20.63 ± 2.53bx
  1. The values are expressed as mean ± s.e. Control = not transported; RT (transported animals that remained on the transporter at the French lairage for 12 h) and ULT animals transported (transported animals that were unloaded at the French lairage for a 12 h rest period) at a stocking density of 0.93 m2 per animal;a,bWithin a row, means not having a common superscript differ significantly (P < 0.05);x,ywithin a column at each sampling time point (day (d)), treatment means differ by P < 0.05. Data were analysed using SAS/STAT (9.1 (SAS Inst. Inc., Cary, NC, USA). The differences between means were tested using the Tukey-Kramer test for multiple comparisons.
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