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Table 1 Bronchial epithelium expression of IL-6, IL-10 and TNF-α in RAO horses on crisis and in remission, and in control horses on pasture.

From: Epithelial expression of mRNA and protein for IL-6, IL-10 and TNF-α in endobronchial biopsies in horses with recurrent airway obstruction

Cytokine RAO provocation RAO pasture Controls pasture RAO, p-value provocation/pasture
IL-6 1.08 (0.83–1.64) 0.63 (0.28–1.97) 0.94 (0.57–1.18) p = 0.67, NS
IL-10 3.68 (2.46–6.11) 4.18 (2.28–5.38) 2.64 (1.77–5.95) p = 0.21, NS
TNF-α 4.18 (1.26–5.03) 1.21 (0.95–2.51) 1.18 (0.54–2.10) p = 0.45, NS
  1. Immunohistochemical determination of percentage (%) of positively stained area of bronchial epithelium for selected cytokines. Values are given as medians (1st–3rd quartiles). NS = Not significant.