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Table 3 Prevalence of intestinal helminths parasite in dogs, stratified by communities.

From: Parasites of importance for human health in Nigerian dogs: high prevalence and limited knowledge of pet owners

  Overall
(n = 396)
Urban
(n = 192)
Rural
(n = 204)
Urban vs. Rural
  N infected % (95% Cl) N infected % (95% Cl) N infected % (95% Cl) p value
Parasite species
Toxocara canis 165 41.7 (36.8 – 46.7) 72 37.5 (30.6 – 44.8) 93 45.6 (39.6 – 53.7) 0.13
Ancylostoma sp. 67 16.9 (13.4 – 21.0) 27 14.1 (9.5 – 19.8) 40 19.6 (14.4 – 25.7) 0.18
Trichuris vulpis 57 14.4 (9.7 – 16.6) 28 14.6 (9.9 – 20.4) 29 14.2 (9.7 – 19.8) 1.0
Dipylidium caninum 36 9.1 (6.5 – 12.4) 11 5.7 (2.9 – 10.0) 25 12.3 (8.1 – 17.6) 0.035
Taenidae 33 8.3 (5.8 – 11.5) 3 1.6 (0.3 – 4.5) 30 14.7 (10.2 – 20.3) < 0.0001
Strongyloides sp. 15 3.8 (2.1 – 6.2) 3 1.6 (0.3 – 4.5) 12 5.8 (3.1 – 10.1) 0.033
Number of intestinal helminth species per host
One helminth species 196 49.4 (44.2 – 54.3) 92 47.9 (40.7 – 55.2) 104 51.0 (43.9 – 58.3) 0.6
Two helminth species 52 13.1 (10.0 – 16.9) 17 8.9 (5.2 – 13.8) 35 17.5 (12.3 – 23.0) 0.017
Three helminth species 18 4.6 (2.7 – 7.1) 4 2.1 (0.6 – 5.2) 14 6.9 (3.8 – 11.2) 0.029
Four or more helminth species 5 1.3 (0.0 – 2.9) 0 - 5 2.5 (0.1 – 5.6) 0.062