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Table 2 Prevalence of ectoparasites in dogs, stratified by urban or rural communities.

From: Parasites of importance for human health in Nigerian dogs: high prevalence and limited knowledge of pet owners

  Overall (n = 396) Urban (n = 192) Rural (n = 204) Urban vs. Rural
  N infected % (95%CI) N infected % (95%CI) N infected %(95%CI) p value
Fleas
Ctenocephalides canis 127 32.1(27.5 – 6.9) 40 20.8(14.9 – 26.7) 87 42.6(35.8 – 49.7) < 0.0001
Pulex irritans 26 6.6(4.3 – 9.5) 7 3.6(1.5 – 7.4) 19 9.3(5.7 – 14.2) 0.026
Tunga penetrans 2 0.5 (0.0 – 1.8) 0 0.0 2 1.0(0.0 – 3.5) 0.5
Mites
Demodex canis 4 1.0 (0.0 – 2.6) 0 0.0 4 2.0(0.0 – 4.9) 0.12
Otodectes sp. 39 9.8(7.1 – 13.2) 6 3.1(1.2 – 6.7) 33 16.2(11.4 – 22.0) < 0.0001
Sarcoptes scabiei var. canis 8 2.0(0.1 – 3.4) 1 0.5(0.0 – 2.9) 7 3.4(1.3 – 6.9) 0.069
Ticks
Rhipicephalus sanguineus 76 19.2(15.4 – 23.4) 25 13.0(8.6 – 18.6) 51 25.0(19.2 – 31.5) 0.003
Ixodes sp. 18 4.5(2.7 – 7.1) 7 3.6(1.5 – 7.4) 11 5.4(2.7 – 9.4) 0.5
Lice
Trichodectes canis 42 10.6(7.8 – 14.1) 15 7.8(4.4 – 12.6) 27 13.2(8.9 – 18.7) 0.1
Number of ectoparasite species per host
One ectoparasite species 159 40.2(35.3 – 45.2) 60 31.3(24.8 – 38.3) 99 48.5(41.5 – 55.6) < 0.0001
Two ectoparasite species 72 18.2(14.5 – 22.3) 19 9.9(6.1 – 15.0) 53 26.0(20.1 – 32.6) < 0.0001
Three ectoparasite species 7 1.8(0.7 – 3.6) 1 0.5(0.0 – 2.9) 6 2.9(1.1 – 6.3) 0.12
Four or more ectoparasite species 1 0.3(0.0 – 1.4) 0 0.0 1 0.5(0.0 – 2.7) 1.0