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Table 1 Clinical parameters of BSE infection in deer.

From: Experimental transmission of bovine spongiform encephalopathy to European red deer (Cervus elaphus elaphus)

Clinical parameters Deer identification
  1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8
Incubation period (challenge-PME date) (days) 794 930 996 996 1060 1290 1017 1290
Clinical signs duration (days) 21 100 105 77 85 22 N/A N/A
Weight loss (peak weight to PME [kg]) 12.9 20.0 19.8 19.1 24.3 11.5 9.6 0.5
Weight loss (as % of peak weight) 13.2 27.3 20.4 21.8 39.2 11.9 10.3 0.6
Ataxia + ++ ++ ++ + - - -
Anorexia - + + + ++ - - -
Circling - + ++ ++ - - - -
Failure of seasonal change of coat - + + + - - - -
Apparent blindness - - + + - - - -
Panic attacks +++ ++ + - - ++ - -
Inhalation pneumonia - - - - +++ - - -
  1. Deer 1–6 challenged i/c with BSE agent in chronological order of developing clinical signs. Deer 7 and 8 challenged i/c with sterile saline – negative control animals.PME = post-mortem examination N/A = not applicable-negative, + mild, ++ moderate, +++ severe