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Table 1 Scoring for examination of the animal and its cage

From: Assessment of post-laparotomy pain in laboratory mice by telemetric recording of heart rate and heart rate variability

  Score 0 Score 1
Observation of the animal   
Spontaneous behavior Sleeping, resting, digging, running, walking, rearing, climbing, eating, drinking, grooming, sniffing Sudden movements, backwards movements, transient involuntary muscular contraction of any body part, kicking with hind paws, licking/biting the wound
Posture Lying, sitting, moving, Hunched, arched back, crouched
Breathing Undisturbed, regular Exerted, irregular
Coat condition Clean, smooth, well-groomed Ruffled, dirty, unkempt, piloerection, hair loss (alopecia)
Eyes Clear, bright Discharge
Body condition Good, unchanged as judged from external appearance Sunken flanks, swollen areas, ascites
Wound Clean, dry, smooth Dirty, bloody, uncleaned, signs of self-injury, signs of inflammation or necrosis, i.e., unusual color (e.g., red, pale) or swollen
Behavior after provocation/weighing Alert, ready to take flight Apathetic, sedated, highly aggressive, increased vocalization
Movement after provocation/weighing No aberration in moving pattern Decelerated/slowed, crawling, immobile, lameness, tiptoe gait
Appearance of cage   
Condition of nest A nest clearly identifiable Either no nest identifiable or multiple fragmentary nest-like resting places at different locations
Condition of territory Cage area clearly structured, i.e., obvious areas for defecation and sleeping Areas of defecation and sleeping indistinguishable, feces either adhering to nesting materials or not visible