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Table 3 Mean values (± standard deviation) of biochemical variables in donkeys ( n= 10) injected with digoxin

From: Influence of the cardiac glycoside digoxin on cardiac troponin I, acid–base and electrolyte balance, and haematobiochemical profiles in healthy donkeys (Equus asinus)

Time Glucose (mmol/L) CA (mmol/L) BUN (mmol/L) CRE (μmol/L) AST (U/L) CK (U/L) GGT (U/L) TBIL (μmol/L) TP (g/L) ALB (g/L) GLOB (g/L)
T0 3.8 ± 0.6 3.0 ± 0.1 6.1 ± 0.6 44 ± 8 618 ± 157 1339 ± 1275 56 ± 10 2.2 ± 0.3 73.5 ± 7.2 35.9 ± 4.4 37.6 ± 11.1
T1 4.6 ± 0.9b 2.9 ± 0.1 6.1 ± 0.4 44 ± 9 632 ± 137 1356 ± 1280 58 ± 14 2.5 ± 0.4 75.0 ± 5.6 45.4 ± 14.2 36.2 ± 11.2
T2 5.1 ± 0.8b 3.0 ± 0.1 6.2 ± 0.4 42 ± 12 627 ± 136 1326 ± 1204 55 ± 8 2.5 ± 0.4 74.4 ± 4.3 37.9 ± 5.8 36.6 ± 9.7
T3 5.2 ± 0.8b 3.0 ± 0.2 6.2 ± 0.5 44 ± 13 644 ± 114 1219 ± 1117 49 ± 12 2.8 ± 0.8 74.0 ± 3.7 37.8 ± 5.9 36.1 ± 9.0
T4 6.2 ± 1.1b 2.9 ± 0.3 6.2 ± 0.4 43 ± 13 791 ± 226 1232 ± 1102 52 ± 11 2.5 ± 0.4 74.6 ± 4.6 36.9 ± 4.2 38.1 ± 8.0
T5 5.3 ± 0.9b 3.1 ± 0.2 6.0 ± 0.7 37 ± 3 778 ± 243 2335 ± 2402 50 ± 9 2.2 ± 0.3 77.2 ± 5.1 39.6 ± 4.6 38.1 ± 9.0
T6 5.8 ± 1.2b 3.0 ± 0.1 6.1 ± 0.4 39 ± 9 743 ± 240 1560 ± 980 51 ± 8 2.5 ± 0.4 75.2 ± 6.4 37.5 ± 5.7 37.3 ± 11.3
T7 4.9 ± 0.5b 3.0 ± 0.1 6.4 ± 0.5 44 ± 8 576 ± 186 1072 ± 713 60 ± 13 2.5 ± 0.7 74.6 ± 7.0 39.5 ± 5.8 34.9 ± 12.1
  1. CA, calcium; BUN, blood urea nitrogen; CRE, creatinine; AST, aspartate aminotransferase; GGT, γ-glutamyl transferase; CK, creatine kinase; TBIL, total bilirubin, TP, total protein; ALB, albumin; GLOB, globulin. T0, immediately prior to injection of digoxin; T1-T7, 1, 2, 3, 4, 24, 48 and 72 h after digoxin administration. bDiffer significantly at P < 0.05 compared to pre-injection values.