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Table 2 Peak vertical force (PVF) for the pads (mean ± SD)

From: Evaluation of vertical forces in the pads of Pitbulls with cranial cruciate ligament rupture

Forelimbs Metacarpalpad Digital pads
2 3 4 5
Healthy 15.0 ± 3.5aA 5.6 ± 1.6aB 11.3 ± 1.7aC 12.6 ± 1.4aD 11.2 ± 1.9aC
Ipsilateral 22.3 ± 4.7bA 6.0 ± 1.4aB 12.6 ± 2.5bC 14.3 ± 2.2bC 15.1 ± 2.7bC
Contralateral 20.3 ± 5.3cA 5.9 ± 1.5aB 12.9 ± 2.5bC 14.3 ± 1.9bC 14.4 ± 2.6cC
Hind limbs Metatarsalpad Digital pads
2 3 4 5
Healthy 7.7 ± 2.2aA 3.1 ± 0.7aB 8.1 ± 1.3aA 9.1 ± 1.4aC 6.9 ± 1.3aD
Affected 2.5 ± 2.2bA 2.5 ± 1.2bA 7.7 ± 1.9aB 8.4 ± 2.9aB 4.1 ± 1.4bC
Contralateral 14.0 ± 3.2cA 5.0 ± 1.6cB 11.1 ± 2.0bC 10.9 ± 1.5bC 8.1 ± 2.0cD
  1. Groups with different letters are significantly different (p < 0.05).
  2. Capital letter- row/low case letter – column. Mean values expressed as % of body weight.