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Table 1 Peak vertical force (PVF) and vertical impulse (VI) for total of the limbs (mean ± SD)

From: Evaluation of vertical forces in the pads of Pitbulls with cranial cruciate ligament rupture

Control group Forelimb Hind limb
Right Left Right Left
PVF 54.6 ± 6.7a 55.2 ± 6.0a 34.2 ± 5.7b 33.4 ± 5.3b
VI 23.4 ± 2.9a 24.5 ± 3.3a 13.0 ± 1.6b 13.0 ± 1.4b
CCLR group Ipsilateral Contralateral Affected Contralateral
PVF 60.5 ± 6.1c 58.8 ± 6.7c 23.6 ± 7.4d 39.3 ± 6.0e
VI 25.7 ± 1.9a 27.0 ± 2.5c 7.7 ± 1.2d 16.8 ± 1.6e
  1. PVF = peak vertical force; VI = vertical impulse. Groups with different letters in the same row are significantly different (p < 0.05). Mean values expressed as % of body weight.