Skip to main content

Table 4 Canine diarrhea panel from diarrheic dogs of Brazil, United States, Australia Canada, UK and Japan

From: Presence of infectious agents and co-infections in diarrheic dogs determined with a real-time polymerase chain reaction-based panel

Infectious agent Brazil US Australia Canada UK Japan
  Prevalence
Canine distemper virus 8.7% 1.4%*** 2.3%** 1.6%*** 2.5%** 1.0%***
Salmonella spp. 1.0% 2.2% 4.6% 5.0% 0.0% 3.0%
Canine parvovirus type 2 34.6% 1.9%*** 6.8%*** 8.0%*** 35.1% 9.0%***
Cryptosporidium spp. 7.7% 5.4% 4.0% 14.0% 34.7%*** 9.0%
Giardia spp. 13.5% 10.5% 10.8% 14.0% 20.2% 10.0%
Canine coronavirus 11.5% 13.9% 5.1%* 11.0% 16.9% 26.0%***
C. perfringens alpha toxin 38.5% 36.2% 45.6% 46.0% 51.2%* 21.0%***
Overall infection rate 68.3% 54.5%** 58.4% 52.0%** 51.7%** 49.6%***
Coinfection rate 45.1% 24.9%*** 31.3%* 34.0%* 41.9% 35.3%
Samples included n = 104 n = 7829 n = 526 n = 2855 n = 674 n = 486
  1. *Significantly (P < 0.05).
  2. **Significantly (P < 0.01).
  3. ***Significantly (P < 0.001).