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Table 2 Fecal egg count reduction (FECR), 95% confidence intervals (CI) and third-stage larvae (L3) identified in post-treatment coprocultures in selected goat flocks

From: Gastrointestinal nematodes of dairy goats, anthelmintic resistance and practices of parasite control in Northern Italy

Anthelmintic class Drug Flock no. FECR (%) 95% CI Status Post-treatment coproculture
  L3 type (%) No. L3 seen
BZs ABZ 1 100 ° S   0
OFZ 3 100 ° S   0
OFZ 4 95.17 88-100 SR**   0
ABZ 5 81.11 69 -94 R* Teladorsagia/Trichostrongylus (100) 23
ABZ 6 100 ° S   0
Febantel 7 76.01 58-94 R* Teladorsagia/Trichostrongylus (100) 15
Febantel 8 40.52 −3 to 84 R* Teladorsagia/Trichostrongylus (100) 38
Netobimin 11 100 ° S   0
Netobimin 12 100 ° S   0
Netobimin 13 100 ° S   0
MLs IVM 10 100 ° S   0
MOX 14 98.82 97-100 S   0
MOX 15 98.57 96-100 S   0
EPM 2 99.32 98-100 S   0
  EPM 9 87.43 76-99 R* Teladorsagia/Trichostrongylus (75), Haemonchus (25) 16
  1. BZs, Benzimidazoles and probenzimidazoles; MLs, Macrocyclic lactones.
  2. ABZ, Albendazole; OFZ, Oxfendazole; IVM, Ivermectin; MOX, Moxidectin; EPM, Eprinomectin.
  3. S, susceptible.
  4. *resistant (R) flock: FECR <95% AND lower 95% CI limit <90%.
  5. **suspected resistant (SR) flock: FECR <95% OR lower 95% CI limit <90%.
  6. °95% CI not calculated because the reduction was 100%.