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Table 3 Obesity parameter, adipokines, and serotonin levels according to sex (Mean ± SE)

From: Leptin, adiponectin and serotonin levels in lean and obese dogs

   Males Females
   Intact Castrated Intact Spayed
(N = 4) (N = 9) (N = 13) (N = 15)
Lean group BCS 4.25 ± 0.25 4.44 ± 0.17 4.0 ± 0 4.53 ± 0.13
Leptin (ng/mL) 5.06 ± 2.85 2.60 ± 0.48 1.59 ± 0.18 2.88 ± 0.68
Adiponectin (μg/mL) 10.53 ± 1.29 11.55 ± 2.20 14.31 ± 2.61 11.14 ± 1.42
Serotonin (ng/mL) 871.31 ± 61.31 736.0 ± 43.98 739.49 ± 15.69 832.21 ± 22.45
Triglyceride (mg/dL) 64.75 ± 18.32 42.0 ± 9.54 38.57 ± 7.08 51.21 ± 5.44
Cholesterol (mg/dL) 282.0 ± 38.02 218.33 ± 27.36 163.14 ± 18.02 204.57 ± 17.45
   Intact Castrated Intact Spayed
(N = 1) (N = 18) (N = 10) (N = 12)
Obese group BCS 8 8.16 ± 0.14 8.10 ± 0.23 7.67 ± 0.22
Leptin (ng/mL) 11.6 11.66 ± 1.70 9.91 ± 3.20 8.39 ± 1.91
Adiponectin (μg/mL) 5.2 5.92 ± 1.07 6.80 ± 1.38 6.29 ± 1.99
Serotonin (ng/mL) 622.45 533.26 ± 58.89 682.14 ± 59.95 478.0 ± 74.06*,
Triglyceride (mg/dL) 288 154.16 ± 35.13 148.57 ± 45.48 95.91 ± 14.08
Cholesterol (mg/dL) 325 301.38 ± 23.22 240.20 ± 24.14 296.72 ± 49.91
  1. *p < 0.05 between intact and spayed groups.
  2. p <0.05 between lean and obese groups.
  3. p <0.01 between lean and obese groups.