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Table 2 Obesity parameter, adipokines (leptin and adiponectin) and serotonin levels between lean and obese groups (Mean ± SE, 95% confidence interval)

From: Leptin, adiponectin and serotonin levels in lean and obese dogs

  Lean group Obese group P-value
(N = 41) (N = 41)
  Mean ± SE 95% CI Mean ± SE 95% CI
BCS 4.31 ± 0.07 4.16 4.45 8.07 ± 0.09 7.89 8.25 < 0.01
Leptin (ng/mL) 2.69 ± 1.08 1.91 3.46 10.27 ± 1.20 7.91 12.63 < 0.01
Adiponeptin (μg/mL) 12.18 ± 1.09 10.05 14.31 6.23 ± 0.79 4.66 7.78 < 0.01
Serotonin (ng/mL) 792.96 ± 102.45 749.49 839.47 560.43 ± 245.95 491.28 623.19 < 0.01
Triglyceride (mg/dL) 51.53 ± 29.03 41.78 61.28 138.64 ± 125.46 92.13 180.95 < 0.01
Cholesterol (mg/dL) 211.03 ± 73.80 186.23 235.82 289.97 ± 112.93 254.86 325.88 0.01
Total T4 (μg/dL) 1.74 ± 0.66 1.50 1.97 1.55 ± 0.55 1.36 1.726 0.19
Cortisol (μg/dL) 4.61 ± 2.36 3.78 5.44 5.39 ± 3.43 4.26 6.52 0.29
  1. CI; confidence interval.