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Table 4 Hand drying techniques observed for 1332 hand hygiene attempts in veterinary clinics

From: Video observation of hand hygiene practices during routine companion animal appointments and the effect of a poster intervention on hand hygiene compliance

   Hand drying technique
Hand hygiene product used n None Single-use/paper towel Reusable/cloth towel Wipe on clothes Shake hands in air
   % (n) % (n) % (n) % (n) % (n)
Water alone 63 - 90 (57) 10 (6) - -
Water +/- soap1 10 - 80 (8) 20 (2) - -
Soap 1172 0.1 (1) 76 (885) 24 (283) 0.1 (1) 0.2 (2)
ABHR 87 70 (61) 6 (5) 20 (17) 1 (1) 3 (3)
Total 1332 5 (62) 72 (955) 23 (308) 0.2 (2) 0.4 (5)
  1. ABHR = alcohol-based hand rub.
  2. 1Hand hygiene was performed at sink with running water, but could not determine whether or not soap was used.