Virology

Section edited by Daniel Horton

The virology section publishes research finding which focus on clinical, macro pathological, cell and molecular biological aspects of animal viruses. This includes studies on livestock, companion animals, equines, wild animals, fish, laboratory animals and animal models of human infections. Studies on related zoonotic and emerging infections are also accepted.

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  1. Research article

    Evaluation of six serological ELISA kits available in Italy as screening tests for equine infectious anaemia surveillance

    ELISAs are known to have a higher diagnostic sensitivity than the agar gel immunodiffusion (AGID) when employed for serological diagnosis of equine infectious anaemia (EIA). For this purpose, an “in-house” and...

    Roberto Nardini, Gian Luca Autorino, Charles J. Issel, R. Frank Cook, Ida Ricci, Raffaele Frontoso, Francesca Rosone and Maria Teresa Scicluna

    BMC Veterinary Research 2017 13:105

    Published on: 14 April 2017

  2. Research article

    Pathobiological investigation of naturally infected canine rabies cases from Sri Lanka

    The recommended screening of rabies in ‘suspect’ animal cases involves testing fresh brain tissue. The preservation of fresh tissue however can be difficult under field conditions and formalin fixation provide...

    S. Beck, P. Gunawardena, D. L. Horton, D. J. Hicks, D. A. Marston, A. Ortiz-Pelaez, A. R. Fooks and A. Núñez

    BMC Veterinary Research 2017 13:99

    Published on: 12 April 2017

  3. Research article

    A randomized controlled study on the efficacy of a novel combination vaccine against enzootic pneumonia (Mycoplasma hyopneumoniae) and porcine Circovirus type 2 (PCV2) in the presence of strong maternally derived PCV2 immunity in pigs

    Mycoplasma hyopneumoniae (M. hyo) and Porcine Circovirus Type 2 (PCV2) are major pathogens that cause significant health problems in swine worldwide. Maternal derived immunity (MDI) ha...

    Panagiotis D. Tassis, Ioannis Tsakmakidis, Vassileios G. Papatsiros, Dimitrios Koulialis, Tom Nell, Georgia Brellou and Eleni D. Tzika

    BMC Veterinary Research 2017 13:91

    Published on: 7 April 2017

  4. Research article

    Seroprevalence of Rift Valley fever virus in livestock during inter-epidemic period in Egypt, 2014/15

    Rift Valley fever virus (RVFV) caused several outbreaks throughout the African continent and the Arabian Peninsula posing significant threat to human and animal health. In Egypt the first and most important Ri...

    Claudia Mroz, Mayada Gwida, Maged El-Ashker, Mohamed El-Diasty, Mohamed El-Beskawy, Ute Ziegler, Martin Eiden and Martin H. Groschup

    BMC Veterinary Research 2017 13:87

    Published on: 5 April 2017

  5. Methodology article

    An indirect enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay for the identification of antibodies to Senecavirus A in swine

    Senecavirus A (SVA), a member of the family Picornaviridae, genus Senecavirus, is a recently identified single-stranded RNA virus closely related to members of the Cardiovirus genus. S...

    Cheryl M. T. Dvorak, Zeynep Akkutay-Yoldar, Suzanne R. Stone, Steven J.P. Tousignant, Fabio A. Vannucci and Michael P. Murtaugh

    BMC Veterinary Research 2017 13:50

    Published on: 15 February 2017

  6. Research article

    New isolations of the rabies-related Mokola virus from South Africa

    Mokola virus (MOKV) is a rabies-related lyssavirus and appears to be exclusive to the African continent. Only 24 cases of MOKV, which includes two human cases, have been reported since its identification in 19...

    Jessica Coertse, Wanda Markotter, Kevin le Roux, Daniel Stewart, Claude T. Sabeta and Louis H. Nel

    BMC Veterinary Research 2017 13:37

    Published on: 31 January 2017

  7. Methodology article

    Genetic detection of peste des petits ruminants virus under field conditions: a step forward towards disease eradication

    The devastating viral disease of small ruminants namely Peste des petits ruminants (PPR) declared as target for “Global Eradication” in 2015 by the Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO) and the World Organiz...

    Waqas Ashraf, Hermann Unger, Sunaina Haris, Ameena Mobeen, Muhammad Farooq, Muhammad Asif and Qaiser Mahmood Khan

    BMC Veterinary Research 2017 13:34

    Published on: 25 January 2017

  8. Research article

    Influence of border disease virus (BDV) on serological surveillance within the bovine virus diarrhea (BVD) eradication program in Switzerland

    In 2008, a program to eradicate bovine virus diarrhea (BVD) in cattle in Switzerland was initiated. After targeted elimination of persistently infected animals that represent the main virus reservoir, the abse...

    V. Kaiser, L. Nebel, G. Schüpbach-Regula, R. G. Zanoni and M. Schweizer

    BMC Veterinary Research 2017 13:21

    Published on: 13 January 2017

  9. Case Report

    Pseudorabies virus infection (Aujeszky’s disease) in an Iberian lynx (Lynx pardinus) in Spain: a case report

    The only natural hosts of Pseudorabies virus (PRV) are members of the family Suidae (Sus scrofa scrofa). In species other than suids infection is normally fatal. In these mammals, including carnivores, PRV typica...

    A. Javier Masot, María Gil, David Risco, Olga M. Jiménez, José I. Núñez and Eloy Redondo

    BMC Veterinary Research 2017 13:6

    Published on: 5 January 2017

  10. Research article

    Phylogenetic characterization of genes encoding for viral envelope glycoprotein (ORF5) and nucleocapsid protein (ORF7) of porcine reproductive & respiratory syndrome virus found in Malaysia in 2013 and 2014.

    Porcine reproductive and respiratory syndrome (PRRS) is one of the most expensive diseases of modern swine production & results in annual economic losses and cost the industry over 600 million USD in U.S. alon...

    Seetha Jaganathan King, Peck Toung Ooi, Lai Yee Phang, Zeenathul Nazariah Binti Allaudin, Wei Hoong Loh, Chiou Yan Tee, Shiao Pau How, Lai Siong Yip, Pow Yoon Choo and Ban Keong Lim

    BMC Veterinary Research 2017 13:3

    Published on: 5 January 2017

  11. Research article

    A deep sequencing reveals significant diversity among dominant variants and evolutionary dynamics of avian leukosis viruses in two infectious ecosystems

    As a typical retrovirus, the evolution of Avian leukosis virus subgroup J (ALV-J) in different infectious ecosystems is not characterized, what we know is there are a cloud of diverse variants, namely quasispe...

    Fanfeng Meng, Xuan Dong, Tao Hu, Shuang Chang, Jianhua Fan, Peng Zhao and Zhizhong Cui

    BMC Veterinary Research 2016 12:287

    Published on: 19 December 2016

  12. Research article

    An inactivated gE-deleted pseudorabies vaccine provides complete clinical protection and reduces virus shedding against challenge by a Chinese pseudorabies variant

    Since the end of 2011 an outbreak of pseudorabies affected Chinese pig herds that had been vaccinated with the commercial vaccine made of Bartha K61 strain. It is now clear that the outbreak was caused by an e...

    Jichun Wang, Rongli Guo, Yongfeng Qiao, Mengwei Xu, Zhisheng Wang, Yamei Liu, Yiqi Gu, Chang Liu and Jibo Hou

    BMC Veterinary Research 2016 12:277

    Published on: 7 December 2016

  13. Research article

    H5N2 Highly Pathogenic Avian Influenza Viruses from the US 2014-2015 outbreak have an unusually long pre-clinical period in turkeys

    From December 2014 through June 2015, the US experienced the most costly highly pathogenic avian influenza (HPAI) outbreak to date. Most cases in commercial poultry were caused by an H5N2 strain which was a re...

    Erica Spackman, Mary J. Pantin-Jackwood, Darrell R. Kapczynski, David E. Swayne and David L. Suarez

    BMC Veterinary Research 2016 12:260

    Published on: 22 November 2016

  14. Research article

    Ability of ELISAs to detect antibodies against porcine respiratory and reproductive syndrome virus in serum of pigs after inactivated vaccination and subsequent challenge

    In this study, six enzyme-linked immunosorbent assays (ELISA), intended for routine porcine reproductive and respiratory syndrome virus (PRRSV) herd monitoring, are tested for their ability to detect PRRSV spe...

    Tatjana Sattler, Jutta Pikalo, Eveline Wodak and Friedrich Schmoll

    BMC Veterinary Research 2016 12:259

    Published on: 21 November 2016

  15. Research article

    Molecular evolution of type 2 porcine reproductive and respiratory syndrome viruses circulating in Vietnam from 2007 to 2015

    Porcine respiratory and reproductive syndrome (PRRS) virus is one of the most economically significant pathogens in the Vietnamese swine industry. ORF5, which participates in many functional processes, includi...

    Hai Quynh Do, Dinh Thau Trinh, Thi Lan Nguyen, Thi Thu Hang Vu, Duc Duong Than, Thi Van Lo, Minjoo Yeom, Daesub Song, SeEun Choe, Dong-Jun An and Van Phan Le

    BMC Veterinary Research 2016 12:256

    Published on: 17 November 2016

  16. Research article

    Strong inflammatory responses and apoptosis in the oviducts of egg-laying hens caused by genotype VIId Newcastle disease virus

    Newcastle disease virus (NDV) can cause serious damage to the reproductive tracts of egg-laying hens and leads to egg production and quality reduction. However, the mechanism of severe pathological damage in t...

    Ruiqiao Li, Kangkang Guo, Caihong Liu, Jing Wang, Dan Tan, Xueying Han, Chao Tang, Yanming Zhang and Jingyu Wang

    BMC Veterinary Research 2016 12:255

    Published on: 15 November 2016

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